Counties with the most farmland in Delaware

Written by:
June 5, 2023

Counties with the most farmland in Delaware

Farmland across the U.S. is disappearing by the millions of acres each decade by some estimates as sprawling urban development driven by rising housing costs pushes further into rural pastures.

The farmland that still exists in the U.S. is heavily dedicated to growing plants that Americans can't consume—grass. That grass, accounting for more than 300 million acres now, feeds our livestock, provides sod for new development, and serves as a cover crop to protect soil health between harvests.

Demand for major crops like corn and soybeans to feed Americans is only forecast by the USDA to grow in the coming decade, and demand for U.S. agricultural exports is expected to grow similarly.

The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically changed the way people purchased and consumed food, placing renewed attention on an increasingly consolidated agricultural industry where family farms have been swallowed up by large food corporations.

And after shifting behaviors caused massive economic swings in the U.S. and elsewhere, the Russian invasion of Ukraine forced food producers to once again account for yet another shock with so much of the world's grain capital taken offline by warfare.

War and corporate interests aside, farms have also had to reckon with a changing climate. Wheat fields were once commonplace across the country, but drought conditions of late have caused farmers to give up growing the crop entirely. Agitated by climate change, the shortage of water in parts of the country coupled with higher interest rates and the ongoing war in Ukraine are making agricultural businesses harder to run profitably.

To illustrate where American farms still persevere, Stacker compiled a list of counties with the most farmland in Delaware using data from the Agriculture Department's Farm Service Agency. Farmers reported the data as mandated by participation in USDA income support programs, including Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage as well as loan assistance. Counties are ranked by total acres of farmland.

In Delaware, there are 538,227 acres of farmland, with yellow corn being the most common crop.

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#3. New Castle

- Farmland: 54,674 acres (10.2% of state total)
- Farms: 469
- Most common crop: Common soybeans (18,035 acres, 33.0% of county farmland)

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#2. Kent

- Farmland: 187,583 acres (34.9% of state total)
- Farms: 1,529
- Most common crop: Common soybeans (41,477 acres, 22.1% of county farmland)

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#1. Sussex

- Farmland: 295,970 acres (55.0% of state total)
- Farms: 2,947
- Most common crop: Yellow corn (55,533 acres, 18.8% of county farmland)

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