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How transgender protection laws differ by state

  • New Mexico

    New Mexico allows parents of any gender to adopt and foster children, while there are no protective laws in place to make discrimination against transgender children illegal. The state medical policies are lacking as well, leaving both state employees and individuals on Medicaid without laws protecting their right to receive appropriate care.

  • New York

    New York has an LGBTQ population of 913,000 people and a wide range of laws in place that provide protections. There are still areas for forward movement, as there are currently no laws in place ensuring transgender-inclusive health care.

  • North Carolina

    North Carolina is a state with so few transgender protection laws that the MAP considers 0% of the population protected. Transgender individuals are not protected under hate crime laws, there is no ban on the "panic defense," and the state makes exposure and transmission of HIV a crime—a legislative decision with previously noted negative side effects for general health.

  • North Dakota

    With an LGBTQ population of 20,000 people, North Dakota has some localized policies and laws protecting transgender individuals from discrimination, but none are statewide. There are currently no laws in place to protect transgender students from bullying, nor any protections for transgender youth in the state welfare system.

  • Ohio

    There are currently no laws in place to protect transgender individuals in Ohio from discrimination when trying to adopt or foster children. Similarly, there are no anti-discrimination laws in place to protect the rights of transgender youth. The MAP considers only 30% of the population fully protected.

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  • Oklahoma

    Oklahoma has an LGBTQ population of 138,000, but also limited protection for transgender adults and youth. The MAP says the state has a negative rating, with only 3% of the population being fully protected from discrimination.

  • Oregon

    Oregon has a wide range of anti-discrimination laws in place to protect transgender individuals, yet it is one of 39 states without a ban on the "panic defense." Still, statewide laws are in place to protect the rights of transgender individuals to adopt and foster children and keep transgender youth legally protected from discrimination and bullying.

  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania has an LGBTQ population of 490,000 people. The MAP reports that 34% of the population is protected with state or local policies in place to prevent discrimination, though there are no laws in place to ensure the rights of transgender parents looking to adopt. There are also no statewide or local laws protecting transgender youth in state custody.

  • Rhode Island

    Rhode Island has many statewide anti-discrimination laws in place to protect transgender rights. However, while laws exist to protect transgender children from bullying statewide, there are no specific laws or policies banning discrimination against LGBTQ students.

  • South Carolina

    South Carolina offers few protections for transgender individuals. With only 14% of the state considered partially protected, no criminal justice laws in place to protect LGBTQ people, and broad religious exemptions laws, South Carolina has an overall negative MAP rating for transgender rights.

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