2010: Arab Spring, gamification
Other notable words: biomechanic, cytostatic, dog soldier, head shot, hog piece, worlding
From December 2010 to December 2012, the world saw waves of demonstrations, protests, and other anti-government actions during the Arab Spring. Discussed in “Fortune Magazine” this year, gamification is supposed to use the mechanics of how to get gamers addicted toward generating more business.
2011: Bibimbap, blockchain
2012: Astrogeology, geotagging
Other notable words: boat person, databasing, design-build, femcee, surface mount, totes
The United States Geological Survey Astrogeology Science Center published several news pieces in 2012, including those on planetary feature naming. The U.S. Army warned of the security risks of geotagging photographs shared on social media.
2013: Flash mob, microbiome
Other notable words: fracking, geekery, headbang, imbongi, parasomnia, salat
Many videos of flash mobs suddenly appearing in public places have been shared online, including one from National Dance Day in Boise, Idaho. Scientific research into microbiomes skyrocketed in both 2011 and 2013, leading scientists to name it one of its breakthroughs of both years.
2014: Initial coin offering, manspreading
Other notable words: backwash, bestie, flexitarian, group hug, ICO, pescatarian
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2015: Aquafaba, haptics
Other notable words: bigender, esports, hyperlocal, lifehack, microaggression, slacktivisim
American software engineer Goose Wohlt's work with chickpea brine led to his coining the term ‘aquafaba’ in 2015. The World Haptics Conference in 2015, sponsored by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers' Robotics and Automation Society, was held in Chicago.
2016: Humblebrag, photobomb
Other notable words: First world problem, listicle, microaggression, side-eye, utility token, wayback
Added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2016, those who humblebrag are using an ineffective self-presentation strategy. Also inducted this year, photobomb has earned significant coverage since 2009.
2017: Clicktivism, dad bod
2018: Antifa, embiggen
Other notable words: chiweenie, hate-watch, microcredit, neoadjuvant, self-care, schnoodle
Although in use in various forms and as a movement for decades, antifa came into prominence as a term in the United States in 2017 as resistance to fascism spread. As a verb, embiggen was welcomed into dictionaries in 2018.
2019: Gig economy, screen time
Other notable words: pickleball, stan, deep state
The "gig economy" came about with the rise of companies like Uber and TaskRabbit that use technology to connect people who need a service with providers looking for short-term work, or "gigs." Monitoring the amount of screen time, especially for children, or the time one spends in front of a computer, smartphone, and television, has become a hot-button issue as studies show screen time changes the human brain.
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