What Colorado's immigrant population looked like in 1900

Written by:
June 18, 2022
Historical // Getty Images

What Colorado's immigrant population looked like in 1900

Since the first successful English colony settled in Jamestown in 1607, flows of immigrants have arrived on American shores seeking a new life. From Irish immigrants fleeing famine to Chinese immigrants settling in California during the Gold Rush, more than 86 million people legally immigrated to the United States between 1783 and 2019.

There have been four major waves of immigration to the U.S., beginning with settlers from northern and western Europe seeking land on the frontier from 1820 to 1880. The immigrants counted in the 1900 Census hailed primarily from southern and eastern Europe, drawn by the call of industrialization in America. At the advent of the era of world wars, there was a dearth of immigration, but after 1965, individuals from Asia and Latin America began to move to the U.S. in droves.

Though the national immigrant population today and in 1900 is comparable by percentage, hovering around 14% of the overall U.S. population, the raw population tells a different story. Today, the U.S. is home to 44.7 million immigrants, whereas that number was just shy of 10.5 million at the time of the 1900 Census. Stacker compiled a list of the largest sources of immigrants in Colorado in 1900 by transcribing a previously untranscribed dataset from the U.S. Census Bureau. Countries are ranked by total residents who were born in that country.

Immigration to the U.S. was handled at the state level prior to 1890, with each state government designating its own processes and checkpoints. New York originally used Castle Garden (now Castle Clinton) as its immigration processing hub, but within a few decades realized that a massive influx of immigrants necessitated a larger venue. Ellis Island opened on Jan. 1, 1892, to the first of more than 12 million individuals who entered the U.S. through its doors.

Keep reading to find out more about the historical immigrant community in your home state or explore the data on your own on our site, GitHub, or data.world.

You may also like: Best counties to retire to in Colorado

1 / 42
Lewis W. Hine // Getty Images

#1. Germany

Colorado
- Number of residents: 14,006
- Percent of foreign born residents: 15.31%
- Percent of total state population: 2.60%
National
- Number of residents: 2,669,164
- Percent of foreign born residents: 25.52%
- #1 most common country of origin

2 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#2. England

Colorado
- Number of residents: 13,575
- Percent of foreign born residents: 14.84%
- Percent of total state population: 2.52%
National
- Number of residents: 843,491
- Percent of foreign born residents: 8.06%
- #4 most common country of origin

3 / 42
Minnesota Historical Society // Getty Images

#3. Sweden

Colorado
- Number of residents: 10,765
- Percent of foreign born residents: 11.77%
- Percent of total state population: 1.99%
National
- Number of residents: 574,625
- Percent of foreign born residents: 5.49%
- #5 most common country of origin

4 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#4. Ireland

Colorado
- Number of residents: 10,182
- Percent of foreign born residents: 11.13%
- Percent of total state population: 1.89%
National
- Number of residents: 1,619,409
- Percent of foreign born residents: 15.48%
- #2 most common country of origin

5 / 42
Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#5. Canada

Colorado
- Number of residents: 9,797
- Percent of foreign born residents: 10.71%
- Percent of total state population: 1.82%
National
- Number of residents: 1,183,225
- Percent of foreign born residents: 11.31%
- #3 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the oldest homes in Colorado

6 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#6. Italy

Colorado
- Number of residents: 6,818
- Percent of foreign born residents: 7.46%
- Percent of total state population: 1.26%
National
- Number of residents: 484,703
- Percent of foreign born residents: 4.63%
- #6 most common country of origin

7 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#7. Austria

Colorado
- Number of residents: 6,024
- Percent of foreign born residents: 6.59%
- Percent of total state population: 1.12%
National
- Number of residents: 276,702
- Percent of foreign born residents: 2.65%
- #10 most common country of origin

8 / 42
Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#8. Scotland

Colorado
- Number of residents: 4,069
- Percent of foreign born residents: 4.45%
- Percent of total state population: 0.75%
National
- Number of residents: 234,699
- Percent of foreign born residents: 2.24%
- #11 most common country of origin

9 / 42
Samuel Hopwood // Getty Images

#9. Russia

Colorado
- Number of residents: 2,938
- Percent of foreign born residents: 3.21%
- Percent of total state population: 0.54%
National
- Number of residents: 424,372
- Percent of foreign born residents: 4.06%
- #7 most common country of origin

10 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#10. Denmark

Colorado
- Number of residents: 2,050
- Percent of foreign born residents: 2.24%
- Percent of total state population: 0.38%
National
- Number of residents: 154,616
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.48%
- #13 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the most renters in Colorado

11 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#11. Wales

Colorado
- Number of residents: 1,955
- Percent of foreign born residents: 2.14%
- Percent of total state population: 0.36%
National
- Number of residents: 93,744
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.90%
- #20 most common country of origin

12 / 42
UniversalImagesGroup // Getty Images

#12. Switzerland

Colorado
- Number of residents: 1,479
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.62%
- Percent of total state population: 0.27%
National
- Number of residents: 115,959
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.11%
- #15 most common country of origin

13 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#13. France

Colorado
- Number of residents: 1,162
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.27%
- Percent of total state population: 0.22%
National
- Number of residents: 104,534
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.00%
- #18 most common country of origin

14 / 42
Buyenlarge // Getty Images

#14. Norway

Colorado
- Number of residents: 1,149
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.26%
- Percent of total state population: 0.21%
National
- Number of residents: 338,426
- Percent of foreign born residents: 3.24%
- #9 most common country of origin

15 / 42
Keystone-France // Getty Images

#15. Finland

Colorado
- Number of residents: 844
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.92%
- Percent of total state population: 0.16%
National
- Number of residents: 63,440
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.61%
- #22 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the lowest hospital bed capacity in Colorado

16 / 42
Minnesota Historical Society // Getty Images

#16. Poland

Colorado
- Number of residents: 620
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.68%
- Percent of total state population: 0.11%
National
- Number of residents: 383,595
- Percent of foreign born residents: 3.67%
- #8 most common country of origin

17 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#17. China

Colorado
- Number of residents: 581
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.64%
- Percent of total state population: 0.11%
National
- Number of residents: 106,659
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.02%
- #16 most common country of origin

18 / 42
Smith Collection/Gado // Getty Images

#18. Hungary

Colorado
- Number of residents: 574
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.63%
- Percent of total state population: 0.11%
National
- Number of residents: 145,815
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.39%
- #14 most common country of origin

19 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#19. Bohemia

Colorado
- Number of residents: 330
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.36%
- Percent of total state population: 0.06%
National
- Number of residents: 156,999
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.50%
- #12 most common country of origin

20 / 42
Alexander Alland, Jr. // Getty Images

#20. Mexico

Colorado
- Number of residents: 274
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.30%
- Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
- Number of residents: 103,445
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.99%
- #19 most common country of origin

You may also like: Fastest-growing counties in Colorado

21 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#21. Holland

Colorado
- Number of residents: 260
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.28%
- Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
- Number of residents: 105,098
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.00%
- #17 most common country of origin

22 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#22. Belgium

Colorado
- Number of residents: 170
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.19%
- Percent of total state population: 0.03%
National
- Number of residents: 29,848
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.29%
- #24 most common country of origin

23 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#23. Central America

Colorado
- Number of residents: 156
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.17%
- Percent of total state population: 0.03%
National
- Number of residents: 3,911
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- #36 most common country of origin

24 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#24. Australia

Colorado
- Number of residents: 126
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
- Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
- Number of residents: 7,041
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.07%
- #34 most common country of origin

25 / 42
Print Collector // Getty Images

#25. Asia (except China, Japan, and India)

Colorado
- Number of residents: 106
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.12%
- Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
- Number of residents: 11,928
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
- #27 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the most born-and-bred residents in Colorado

26 / 42
Lewis W. Hine // Getty Images

#26. Born at Sea

Colorado
- Number of residents: 84
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.09%
- Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
- Number of residents: 8,310
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
- #32 most common country of origin

27 / 42
ullstein bild Dtl. // Getty Images

#27. South America

Colorado
- Number of residents: 53
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.06%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 4,814
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
- #35 most common country of origin

28 / 42
Historical // Getty Images

#28. Japan

Colorado
- Number of residents: 51
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.06%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 81,590
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.78%
- #21 most common country of origin

29 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#29. West Indies (except Cuba and Puerto Rico)

Colorado
- Number of residents: 45
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 14,468
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
- #26 most common country of origin

30 / 42
Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#30. India

Colorado
- Number of residents: 44
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 2,069
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #42 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the worst commutes in Colorado

31 / 42
ullstein bild // Getty Images

#31. Spain

Colorado
- Number of residents: 41
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 7,284
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.07%
- #33 most common country of origin

32 / 42
Interim Archives // Getty Images

#32. Greece

Colorado
- Number of residents: 37
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 8,655
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
- #31 most common country of origin

33 / 42
ullstein bild Dtl. // Getty Images

#33. Pacific Islands (except Phillipine Islands)

Colorado
- Number of residents: 36
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 2,659
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- #38 most common country of origin

34 / 42
David RUBINGER // Getty Images

#34. Roumania

Colorado
- Number of residents: 35
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 15,043
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
- #25 most common country of origin

35 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#35. Turkey

Colorado
- Number of residents: 33
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 9,949
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
- #30 most common country of origin

You may also like: Best counties to raise a family in Colorado

36 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#36. Other Countries

Colorado
- Number of residents: 31
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 2,587
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #39 most common country of origin

37 / 42
David RUBINGER // Getty Images

#37. Portugal

Colorado
- Number of residents: 28
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 37,144
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.36%
- #23 most common country of origin

38 / 42
Hulton Deutsch // Getty Images

#38. Cuba

Colorado
- Number of residents: 26
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 11,159
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
- #28 most common country of origin

39 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#39. Africa

Colorado
- Number of residents: 24
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 2,577
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #40 most common country of origin

40 / 42
Smith Collection/Gado // Getty Images

#40. Luxemburg

Colorado
- Number of residents: 9
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.01%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 3,049
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- #37 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the most veterans in Colorado

41 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#41. Europe (not otherwise specified)

Colorado
- Number of residents: 9
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.01%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 2,272
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #41 most common country of origin

42 / 42
Historical // Getty Images

#42. Atlantic Islands

Colorado
- Number of residents: 9
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.01%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 10,955
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
- #29 most common country of origin

Trending Now