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Most productive states in America

One of the strongest indicators of a country's economic capacity and productivity is its gross domestic product. GDP represents the total market value of economic goods and services over the course of a year, calculated by adding gross investment, private consumption, government investment, government spending, and trade exports, less imports. In 2017, the United States' GDP reached a staggering $19.39 trillion, the largest in the world and 4.1% higher than 2016's figure, $18.62 trillion.

While the United States clearly stands out among countries for this measure of economic strength, Stacker set out to discover how GDP varies from state to state. Using data computed by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, we analyzed the per capita GDP for every state plus Washington, D.C. The statistics are represented in chained 2009 dollars to account for inflation, include both public and private industries, and represent the total GDP divided by each state's population.

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#51: Mississippi

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $32,102

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $31,700

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $32,041

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#50: Idaho

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $36,056

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $35,738

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $37,080

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#49: West Virginia

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $36,244

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $36,461

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $33,892

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#48: Arkansas

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $36,524

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $36,338

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $35,205

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#47: South Carolina

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $37,075

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $36,917

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $37,724

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#46: Alabama

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $37,402

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $36,911

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $37,522

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#45: Kentucky

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $38,950

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $38,610

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $38,159

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#44: Maine

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $38,956

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $38,415

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $38,946

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#43: Arizona

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $38,985

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $38,647

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $44,168

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#42: Florida

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $39,506

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $39,289

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $43,506

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#41: Montana

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $39,763

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $39,725

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $38,063

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#40: New Mexico

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $41,559

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $41,509

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $40,694

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#39: Missouri

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $43,004

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $42,995

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $42,561

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#38: Nevada

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $43,557

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $43,803

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $52,818

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#37: Michigan

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $43,665

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $42,778

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $41,925

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#36: Tennessee

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $43,688

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $42,803

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $41,172

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#35: Vermont

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $43,984

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $43,571

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $41,472

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#34: Oklahoma

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $44,356

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $46,447

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $39,716

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#33: Louisiana

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $44,451

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $44,503

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $46,878

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#32: North Carolina

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $44,511

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $44,172

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $45,440

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#31: Utah

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $44,893

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $44,174

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $45,293

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#30: Georgia

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $45,140

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $44,299

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $46,374

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#29: Indiana

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $45,977

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $45,012

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $44,145

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#28: Kansas

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $46,217

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $46,658

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $45,313

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#27: Ohio

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $47,633

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $47,146

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $44,399

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#26: Rhode Island

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $47,739

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $47,541

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $47,137

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#25: South Dakota

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $47,808

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $47,894

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $44,017

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#24: Wisconsin

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $47,833

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $47,325

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $45,464

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#23: Pennsylvania

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $50,665

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $50,357

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $46,330

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#22: Oregon

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $51,066

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $50,058

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $46,504

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#21: New Hampshire

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $51,411

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $50,781

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $48,618

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#20: Virginia

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $51,643

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $51,667

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $52,657

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#19: Hawaii

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $51,819

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $50,994

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $51,245

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#18: Iowa

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $51,912

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $51,305

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $47,504

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#17: Colorado

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $52,567

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $52,858

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $52,094

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#16: Texas

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $53,129

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $54,134

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $48,954

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#15: Nebraska

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $53,949

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $53,859

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $47,501

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#14: Illinois

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $54,404

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $53,729

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $52,856

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#13: Minnesota

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $54,414

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $53,634

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $51,351

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#12: Maryland

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $56,070

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $54,908

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $52,646

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#11: New Jersey

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $56,565

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $56,241

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $57,860

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#10: Washington

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $57,727

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $56,407

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $55,348

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#9: California

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $59,117

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $57,596

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $55,154

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#8: Wyoming

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $60,004

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $60,979

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $65,471

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#7: Alaska

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $63,317

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $67,302

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $67,228

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#6: Connecticut

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $63,636

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $63,464

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $70,096

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#5: Delaware

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $64,054

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $64,516

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $66,344

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#4: North Dakota

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $64,136

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $67,632

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $44,385

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#3: New York

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $64,810

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $64,573

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $60,018

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#2: Massachusetts

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $65,281

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $64,592

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $60,955

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#1: District of Columbia

Real GDP per capita in 2016: $160,643

Real GDP per capita in 2015: $159,881

Real GDP per capita in 2007: $167,668