Most common jobs 150 years ago in Mississippi

Written by:
August 5, 2022
Mark Jay Goebel // Getty Images

Most common jobs 150 years ago in Mississippi

With the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to impact the global economy, the current job market is a hot topic in the news cycle. But while the pandemic itself is, historically, something of an economic aberration, the U.S. economy that we know today has a long and storied history of expansions, recessions, and evolution.

At the time of the American Revolution, most of the job market in the U.S. revolved around agriculture or food acquisition in some way. Many individuals and communities farmed for subsistence, not even growing enough to have an excess to sell for profits. As the fledgling country grew, so did its economy, springing forth during the Industrial Revolution of the late 1700s and early 1800s, and inexorably shifting the nation’s economic focus from agrarian efforts to those of manufacturing, trade, and other forms of business. Inventions like the steam engine and cotton gin accelerated production, feeding a booming job market that was met with immigrants eager to find work.

By the mid- to late-1800s, the U.S. economy and job market was characterized by successive periods of rapid growth followed by panics or depressions. This economic disquiet was caused by stock speculation and oscillating levels of trust in the federal government’s ability to regulate cash flow and support banks. In turn, the uncertain economy produced a volatile job market.

In an effort to capture a snapshot of the U.S. job market’s history, Stacker compiled a list of the most common jobs in Mississippi from 150 years ago using data from the U.S. Census Bureau. By transcribing the previously untranscribed Table XXVII from the 1870 decennial census, a state-level glimpse into the historic job market can be seen. Nationally, farmers and planters were the most common occupation 150 years ago, just one of the many agricultural jobs that made up more than 47% of all employed persons over ten years old.

Continue reading to find out more about the historical job market in your home state or explore the data on your own on our site, GitHub, or data.world.

You may also like: Highest-earning counties in Mississippi

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Bettmann // Getty Images

#1. Agricultural laborers

- Mississippi employment: 181,523
- National employment: 2,885,996
--- #2 most common job in the U.S.
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Underwood Archives // Getty Images

#2. Farmers and planters

- Mississippi employment: 77,102
- National employment: 2,977,711
--- #1 most common job in the U.S.
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Alexander Alland, Sr./CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

#3. Laborers (not specified)

- Mississippi employment: 15,969
- National employment: 1,031,666
--- #3 most common job in the U.S.
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English Heritage/Heritage Images // Getty Images

#4. Domestic servants

- Mississippi employment: 15,830
- National employment: 975,734
--- #4 most common job in the U.S.
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Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

#5. Clerks in stores

- Mississippi employment: 2,204
- National employment: 222,504
--- #6 most common job in the U.S.
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#6. Carpenters and joiners

- Mississippi employment: 2,072
- National employment: 344,596
--- #5 most common job in the U.S.
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Charles Phelps Cushing/ClassicStock // Getty Images

#7. Traders and dealers (not specified)

- Mississippi employment: 2,049
- National employment: 100,406
--- #15 most common job in the U.S.
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Bettmann // Getty Images

#8. Launderers and laundresses

- Mississippi employment: 1,969
- National employment: 60,906
--- #21 most common job in the U.S.
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#9. Physicians and surgeons

- Mississippi employment: 1,511
- National employment: 62,383
--- #20 most common job in the U.S.
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Everett Collection // Shutterstock

#10. Teachers (not specified)

- Mississippi employment: 1,496
- National employment: 126,822
--- #12 most common job in the U.S.
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SSPL // Getty Images

#11. Employees of railroad companies (not clerks)

- Mississippi employment: 1,358
- National employment: 154,027
--- #9 most common job in the U.S.
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Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

#12. Blacksmiths

- Mississippi employment: 1,233
- National employment: 141,774
--- #11 most common job in the U.S.
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Gari Melchers // Wikimedia Commons

#13. Clergymen

- Mississippi employment: 749
- National employment: 43,874
--- #28 most common job in the U.S.
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John C.H. Grabill // Library of Congress

#14. Officials of Government

- Mississippi employment: 700
- National employment: 44,743
--- #26 most common job in the U.S.
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#15. Lawyers

- Mississippi employment: 632
- National employment: 40,736
--- #35 most common job in the U.S.
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Underwood Archives // Getty Images

#16. Traders and dealers in dry-goods

- Mississippi employment: 627
- National employment: 39,790
--- #37 most common job in the U.S.
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Underwood Archives // Getty Images

#17. Traders and dealers in groceries

- Mississippi employment: 602
- National employment: 74,410
--- #19 most common job in the U.S.
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Minnesota Historical Society/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

#18. Milliners, dress and mantua makers

- Mississippi employment: 573
- National employment: 92,084
--- #16 most common job in the U.S.
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Frances Benjamin Johnston // Library of Congress

#19. Boot and shoe makers

- Mississippi employment: 516
- National employment: 171,127
--- #7 most common job in the U.S.
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Bain News Service // Library of Congress

#20. Draymen, hackmen, teamsters, &c

- Mississippi employment: 500
- National employment: 120,756
--- #13 most common job in the U.S.
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Wisconsin Historical Society // Getty Images

#21. Millers

- Mississippi employment: 410
- National employment: 41,582
--- #34 most common job in the U.S.
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Carl Mydans // Library of Congress

#22. Masons, brick and stone

- Mississippi employment: 384
- National employment: 89,710
--- #17 most common job in the U.S.
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Everett Collection // Shutterstock

#23. Mill and factory operatives (not specified)

- Mississippi employment: 357
- National employment: 41,619
--- #33 most common job in the U.S.
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Everett Collection // Shutterstock

#24. Gardeners and nurserymen

- Mississippi employment: 332
- National employment: 31,435
--- #42 most common job in the U.S.
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Lewis W. Hine // Library of Congress

#25. Tailors, tailoresses, and seamstresses

- Mississippi employment: 287
- National employment: 161,820
--- #8 most common job in the U.S.
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Library of Congress // Wikimedia Commons

#26. Painters and varnishers

- Mississippi employment: 242
- National employment: 85,123
--- #18 most common job in the U.S.
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Underwood Archives // Getty Images

#27. Traders and dealers in drugs and medicines

- Mississippi employment: 240
- National employment: 17,369
--- #63 most common job in the U.S.
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Buyenlarge // Getty Images

#28. Woodchoppers

- Mississippi employment: 238
- National employment: 8,338
--- #99 most common job in the U.S.
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Matthias Weaver // Library of Congress

#29. Carriage and wagon makers

- Mississippi employment: 220
- National employment: 42,464
--- #31 most common job in the U.S.
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Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

#30. Book-keepers and accountants in stores

- Mississippi employment: 217
- National employment: 31,177
--- #43 most common job in the U.S.
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Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#31. Soldiers (United States Army)

- Mississippi employment: 214
- National employment: 22,081
--- #56 most common job in the U.S.
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Heritage Art/Heritage Images via Getty Images

#32. Printers

- Mississippi employment: 211
- National employment: 39,860
--- #36 most common job in the U.S.
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John C.H. Grabill // Library of Congress

#33. Saw-mill operatives

- Mississippi employment: 209
- National employment: 47,298
--- #25 most common job in the U.S.
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Underwood Archives // Getty Images

#34. Farm and plantation overseers

- Mississippi employment: 208
- National employment: 3,609
--- #155 most common job in the U.S.
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Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

#35. Engineers and firemen

- Mississippi employment: 193
- National employment: 34,233
--- #40 most common job in the U.S.
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Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

#36. Nurses

- Mississippi employment: 190
- National employment: 10,976
--- #86 most common job in the U.S.
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Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

#37. Mechanics (not specified)

- Mississippi employment: 184
- National employment: 16,514
--- #68 most common job in the U.S.
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Lewis W. Hine // Wikimedia Commons

#38. Cotton-mill operatives

- Mississippi employment: 183
- National employment: 111,606
--- #14 most common job in the U.S.
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Minnesota Historical Society/Corbis via Getty Images

#39. Barbers and hairdressers

- Mississippi employment: 178
- National employment: 23,935
--- #52 most common job in the U.S.
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Andreas Larsen Dahl/Wisconsin Historical Society // Getty Images

#40. Wheelwrights

- Mississippi employment: 171
- National employment: 20,942
--- #58 most common job in the U.S.
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Daily Herald Archive/National Science & Media Museum/SSPL via Getty Images

#41. Harness and saddle makers

- Mississippi employment: 171
- National employment: 32,817
--- #41 most common job in the U.S.
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Minnesota Historical Society/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

#42. Butchers

- Mississippi employment: 149
- National employment: 44,354
--- #27 most common job in the U.S.
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Bettmann // Getty Images

#43. Tinners

- Mississippi employment: 145
- National employment: 30,524
--- #44 most common job in the U.S.
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London Metropolitan Archives/Heritage Images // Getty Images

#44. Machinists

- Mississippi employment: 143
- National employment: 54,755
--- #24 most common job in the U.S.
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Schenectady Museum/Hall of Electrical History Foundation/Corbis via Getty Images

#45. Employees of manufacturing establishments

- Mississippi employment: 142
- National employment: 20,242
--- #59 most common job in the U.S.
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Bettmann // Getty Images

#46. Barkeepers

- Mississippi employment: 138
- National employment: 14,362
--- #74 most common job in the U.S.
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Detroit Publishing Company // Library of Congress

#47. Steamboat men and women

- Mississippi employment: 132
- National employment: 7,975
--- #104 most common job in the U.S.
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Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

#48. Sailors

- Mississippi employment: 116
- National employment: 56,663
--- #23 most common job in the U.S.
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Historical Picture Archive/Corbis via Getty Images

#49. Cabinetmakers

- Mississippi employment: 115
- National employment: 42,835
--- #30 most common job in the U.S.
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Mark Jay Goebel // Getty Images

#50. Dentists

- Mississippi employment: 113
- National employment: 7,839
--- #106 most common job in the U.S.

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