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How long has it been since your state raised its gas tax?

  • How long has it been since your state has raised its gas tax?

    Every time a vehicle is filled with gas, a proportion of the cost helps pay for the roadways and bridges those cars, trucks, and semis wear down. Most government officials don’t want to bear the responsibility of raising the price at the pump, but many states are revising their gas tax policies so they can pay for their aging infrastructure. States are adjusting their rates because taxes in recent years haven’t brought in enough revenue to keep up with increased fuel efficiency, and rising costs of building and maintaining transportation infrastructure.

    The federal gas tax stands at 18.4 cents a gallon, which supports the Federal Highway Administration and hasn’t been raised since 1993. States institute a flat-rate gas tax, a percentage on the price of wholesale fuel or a general sales tax on top of that, meaning the total amount paid includes the cost of gas plus federal and state taxes.

    More than half of U.S. states have raised gas taxes since 2013, with some states increasing their gas tax rates annually according to inflation rates tied to the Consumer Price Index. However, Alaska hasn’t increased their state tax on fuel since the 1970s, and the last time Mississippi increased their gas tax was in the 1980s. Using data from the American Petroleum Institute and the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, Stacker compiled a list to show the last time each state raised their gas tax. Click through to see where each state stands.

    RELATED: Click here to see the cost of gas the year you started driving.

  • #51. Oklahoma

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0

    On June 27, Oklahoma increased its tax on motor fuel for the first time in more than 30 years. The new rate increased the tax from 3 cents to 19 cents per gallon. The state decided to raise the gas tax because general funds that were previously used to fund transportation are currently being used for teacher pay.

  • #50. Vermont

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.1

    Vermont instituted a 5.9-cent restructuring on their gas tax in 2013, and a .42-cent increase went into effect on July 1. The state’s tax is linked to the price of gasoline, so the amount customers pay varies. However, the price on gas is a little confusing in this state, with motorists paying the federal tax, as well as a state tax and two assessments.

  • #49. New York

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.3

    The gas tax increased .65 cents at the beginning of 2018. Counties in New York apply a sales tax to fuel based on percentage or cents-per-gallon, so the total amount a customer pays depends on which county they purchase the gas in.

  • #48. Florida

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.3

    Florida’s tax rate increased .5 cents at the beginning of 2018. The overall cost of gas varies by county, but the annual tax is adjusted for inflation every January.

  • #47. Georgia

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.3

    Georgia enacted a 6.7-cent increase in 2015, but their new tax formula allows for automatic increases that allow adjustments for inflation and fuel efficiency. A .3-cent increase took place on Jan. 1,  2017, and the latest increase took effect on Jan. 1, 2018.

  • #46. North Carolina

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.3

    In 2015, the gas tax increased by 4.4 cents. A recent increase of .8 cents occurred on Jan. 1 because the state’s new gas tax formula takes population and energy prices into account, allowing for future increases.

  • #45. Nebraska

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.3

    Gov. Pete Ricketts vetoed an increase in 2015, but the 6-cent tax hike was enacted anyway. The increase will take place in 1.5-cent increments, with the last increase on Jan. 1, 2019. Nebraska’s tax rate actually fell by 4 cents on July 1 because their current formula is based on fuel prices and infrastructure spending.

  • #44. Oregon

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.3

    In 2017, Oregon passed legislation enacting a 10-cent increase on gas that will be implemented in four stages. A 4-cent increase took effect at the beginning of the year, and the final 2-cent increase will take place on Jan. 1, 2024.

  • #43. Indiana

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.4
    Note: Indiana applies general sales tax to gasoline, so its gas tax rates are updated based on changes in the price of gas, but this is not reflected in the data.

    Indiana passed a law in 2017 that increased the gas tax by 10 cents, with a 1-cent increase annually through 2024. The latest increase went into effect on July 1. The new formula takes into account inflation and the rate of Indiana’s personal income growth.

  • #42. California

    Years since last gasoline tax increase: 0.5

    On Nov. 1, 2017, California raised their tax by 12 cents on gasoline, an unpopular decision with voters. In November, California voters will decide whether to repeal the new vehicle and gas taxes.

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