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How many in America?

How many in America?

The United States is a geographically vast, consumer-driven country with a mixed economy that allows for highly diverse industries, manufacturing, skill sets, tourism, cuisine, and commerce—and a wide-reaching culture, to boot.

This country holds many things, from trees and national parks to suburban sprawl and crime. This is the land of plenty (128.45 million households in 2020), and of the few (just 321 drive-in movie theaters nationwide). In its short legacy, the country has also accrued a number of failed experiments and abandoned endeavors, including more than 3,800 ghost towns, in excess of 300 demolished or abandoned amusement parks, and a whopping 450,000 brownfield sites that are home to hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants. The U.S. accounts for a little over 4% of the global population yet contains 20% of the world’s prisoners and is responsible for more than 30% of the planet’s waste. But what other numbers make up this country?

To find out, Stacker scoured statistics, tourism boards, national parks service websites, and various datasets to bring examples of just how many of 50 different things exist in the U.S. From guns and movie theaters to parks and Starbucks, nothing was off limits. The research spans all 3.797 million square miles of the U.S. and looks at topics including industry, business, personal finance, entertainment, and more.

Can you take a guess as to how many public schools are in the U.S.? Do you have any clue as to how many billionaires might be residing there? Read on to find out—and learn a thing or two about each of these selection’s cultural significance and legacy along the way.

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Automobiles: 286.9 million cars

Hedges & Company estimates that there were 286.9 million registered cars in 2020, up from 279.1 million in 2018. The year 2016 marked the first time more than 70 million cars were manufactured globally in a year (72,105,435, to be exact). That same year, 17.5 million vehicles were sold in the U.S. An astonishing 65% of those were also produced here.

Churches: 380,000 congregations

While there isn't an organization that tracks up-to-date figures on the number of U.S. congregations, the National Congregational Study Survey estimates that there were 380,000 churches in the U.S. in 2019. The number has been vacillating up and down over the years, increasing and decreasing rather than showing any overarching trend one way or another.

National parks: 63

There are 63 national parks in the United States, some of the most famous of which include the Great Smoky Mountains, Grand Canyon, Zion, Yosemite, Yellowstone, and Joshua Tree. In 2019, three parks—Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Blue Ridge Parkway, and Great Smoky Mountains National Park—each enjoyed in excess of 10 million recreation visits. California and Alaska are the states with the most parks—nine and eight, respectively. New River Gorge in West Virginia became the 63rd National Park in December 2020.

Guns (civilian): 393,000,000

According to the Small Arms Survey report, which analyzes gun data from 230 countries worldwide, there are more than 393 million civilian-owned firearms in America. Analysis by the Washington Post concluded that the number represents a cache large enough for “every man, woman and child to own one and still have 67 million guns left over.” At roughly 120.5 guns per every 100 residents, the United States has double the ratio of Yemen, the next-highest country on the list, where there are an estimated 52.8 guns for every 100 residents.

Zoos (accredited): 217

Although the Department of Agriculture licenses some 2,400 “animal exhibitors,” a much smaller number are considered true zoos and accredited as such. The Association of Zoos and Aquariums reported 217 accredited facilities in the U.S. as of April 2020. The figure includes zoos, aquariums, nature centers, aviaries, butterfly houses, safaris, and theme parks.

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Zip codes: 42,000

There are nearly 42,000 zip codes spread across in America, each of which routes mail to its appropriate destination. The numbers range from 00501 (the lowest one for the Internal Revenue Service in Holtsville, New York) to 99950 (the highest one in Ketchikan, Alaska). Perhaps the easiest zip code to remember, according to USPS, is 12345, which belongs to General Electric in Schenectady, New York.

McDonald's: 13,837

As of 2019, there were 13,837 McDonald's restaurants in the United States. Arkansas carries the distinction of having the highest density per population of the fast-food chain, with 5.8 stores per 100,000 residents. After that, the next most McDonald's-populated states include West Virginia, Kentucky, Michigan, and Ohio. On the opposite end, Rhode Island, New Jersey, New York, and California have the fewest McDonald's per capita.

Public schools: 98,158

If you tally up all of the elementary, secondary, and combined schools throughout the United States, there were a total of 98,158 public schools in operation during the 2016–17 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. The number gradually increased between the ’80s and late ’00s, going from 85,982 schools in the 1980–81 school year to 98,916 in 2007–08. The total peaked that year and has gradually declined since.

Lawyers: 1.3 million attorneys

Despite all of the lawyer jokes, Americans actually love lawyers—or at least they produce a lot of them. There were 1,338,678 licensed and active attorneys in the United States in 2018. The figure represents a small increase of 0.2% from 2017 and a 15.2% rise since 2008.

14,000-foot mountains: 96

Known as “14ers” among mountain climbers and outdoor enthusiasts, the United States is home to 96 mountains that clock 14,000 feet or more in elevation. Of those, 53 are found in Colorado and 29 are found in Alaska. The other mountains are all found in Washington and California. Alaska holds the 16 highest peaks with Mt. Denali being the tallest at 20,320 (and the only one to surpass 20,000 feet).

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Billionaires: 614

According to Forbes’ list of the world's richest people from March 2020, the United States is home to 614 billionaires whose combined net worth totals 2.9 trillion. The 50 wealthiest people on that list hold as much wealth as half of the United States, and since the COVID-19 pandemic tanked the economy in March 2020, America’s billionaires have grown their wealth by more than $1 trillion—more than the last $900 billion relief bill.

Serial killers: 2,000

There are thousands of unsolved mysteries throughout America every year, many of which are homicides. Although it's impossible to arrive at an exact number of serial killers, officials at the Murder Accountability Project (MAP) estimate there are as many as 2,000 at large. “There are more than 220,000 unsolved murders since 1980, so when you put that in perspective, how shocking is it that there are at least 2,000 unrecognized series of homicides?" MAP’s Thomas Hargrove asked Live Science. A serial killer is defined as anyone who has murdered two or more people.

Households: 128.45 million

In 2020, the United States comprised approximately 128.45 million households, defined as a group of people living in a single housing unit. The housing unit could be a house, apartment, or room, as long as that room is meant to be a separate residence. The figure has doubled since 1970 when there were only 63 million households in the country. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the average household size is now 2.53 people.

Casinos: 465

There were 465 commercial casinos in operation in the United States in 2019. In Nevada alone, there are 138 casinos that generate $6.52 million or more in annual revenue. Even with institutions numbering in the mere hundreds, gambling is a huge industry. In 2017, for instance, commercial gaming raked in more than $40 billion in revenue. The casino industry has been hard-hit during the COVID-19 pandemic, and high numbers of coronavirus cases in Nevada are tied to the state’s casinos reopening.

Homeless people: 567,715

About 567,715 people were homeless in the United States in 2019, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The agency's Annual Homeless Assessment Report indicated that roughly 0.17% of the population was homeless on any given night. The figure represents the first increase since 2010, with Los Angeles and New York City being among the cities most affected. With unemployment and a looming eviction crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of people experiencing homelessness in 2021 is expected to rise.

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Movie theaters: 5,798

In 2019, the National Association of Theater Owners reported that there were 5,798 movie theaters open for viewings in the United States. Of those, 5,477 were regular indoor cinemas and 321 were drive-ins. Theaters have been among the hardest-hit businesses due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with some of the largest chains closing indefinitely and suffering enormous losses in 2020.

Birds: 1,147 species

America is a veritable paradise for bird lovers far and wide. There are 965 species in the lower 48 alone, and 1,147 in total. According to the federal Fish and Wildlife Service, no less than 10 billion birds breed in America every year. That number approaches 20 billion during fall migrations.

Starbucks: 15,041

There are 15,041 company and licensed Starbucks stores sprinkled across the United States. Worldwide, there are a total of 31,256 Starbucks stores. Starbucks boasts a 40% market share of coffee chains in the U.S. Its closest competitor is Dunkin’, with a 26% market share.

Pay phones: 100,000 phone booths

Although times have changed and the age of cell phones has mostly replaced landlines and pay phones, there are still a few lone booths hiding out in random nooks and crannies of America. According to the Federal Communications Commission, there were still about 100,000 pay phones in operation in the United States in 2018. New York is home to roughly one-fifth of those phones, which brought in $286 million in revenue in 2015.

Libraries: 116,867

Americans love to read, and there's no shortage of places to do it given the 116,867 libraries sprinkled throughout the country. The vast majority of these institutions—or 98,460 of them to be exact—are school libraries, found in public and private schools, according to the American Libraries Association. The remainder includes public libraries (9,057), academic libraries (3,094), special libraries (5,150), armed forces libraries (239), and government libraries (867).

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Religions: 9 religious identifications

The Pew Research Center defines nine key religious groups or identifications in the United States: Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, Atheist, Agnostic, Other World Religion, and Other Faith (Unitarian, New Age, and Native American religions). Within each main group, there are dozens of families and denominations. Christians make up 70.6% of the denominations while non-Christian faiths constitute 5.9%.

Cities with 1 million people: 10

The United States is currently home to 10 cities with populations of more than 1 million people. At the top of the list is New York with 8.3 million people, followed by Los Angeles (3.9 million) and Chicago (2.7 million). The other cities on the 1 million-plus list include Houston, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Antonio, San Diego, Dallas, and San Jose.

Subway restaurants: 23,801

With 23,801 locations in the United States in 2019, Subway is the largest restaurant chain in America. The number dwarfs McDonald's, which was 13,837 in 2019. However, the number doesn't necessarily mean the sandwich chain is experiencing total success—the number of Subway stores has decreased in the last few years, and in 2020 Subway slipped out of the top five most profitable restaurant chains in the U.S. Those more-profitable chains are Burger King, Taco Bell, Chick-fil-A, Starbucks, and McDonald’s.

Bars and nightclubs: 58,074 establishments

From coast to coast, there are currently 58,074 bars serving drinks in America. The industry, which includes establishments that serve distilled spirits, wine, and beer, grew by 3.4% in terms of revenue from 2015–2019, according to research firm IBISWorld. Then COVID-19 struck, shuttering most of the industry and making for a dismal year for bars and nightclubs.

Rivers: 250,000

America's wild and scenic rivers are famous worldwide for their beauty. Although the exact number is unknown, there are at least 250,000 rivers flowing throughout the United States. They total more than 3.5 million miles—enough to stretch to the moon and back seven times. The longest river in the country is the Missouri River at 2,540 miles in length, although the volume of the Mississippi River is greater due to its depth.

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Police departments: 12,000

The Bureau of Justice Statistics indicates that in 2016 there were more than 12,000 police departments in operation throughout the United States. The number includes tribal police but does not include sheriffs’ offices, which are typically run by counties or other state subdivisions rather than local governments. The average number of full-time sworn officers per 1,000 residents decreased by 11% between 1997 and 2016, dropping from 2.42 to 2.17.

Colleges and universities: 5,300

There are approximately 5,300 universities throughout the country. Roughly 19.7 million students were forecast to attend colleges and universities in the United States in the fall of 2020. Female students were expected to make up the majority at about 11.3 million, while approximately 8.5 million male students were anticipated.

Death row inmates: 2,553

According to a report filed by the NAACP's Legal Defense and Educational Fund, there were 2,553 inmates on Death Row in the fall of 2020. Of those, 42.15% were white, 41.60% were Black, 13.44% were Latino, 1.84% were Asian, and 0.94% were Native American. The race of one person, or 0.04%, was unknown at the time of the report. Most of the inmates awaiting death were men—98% (or 2,502 people)—while 2% (or 51 people) were women.

Bison: 500,000

Although they once roamed in giant herds numbering up to 30 million, today there are only about 500,000 bison in America. It's still a number that impresses many citizens, though, given that they only reside in national parks and refuges in Wyoming, Montana, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Iowa, and Colorado. The animals, which are the largest land animal in North America, are called bison in the Americas and Europe and buffalo in Africa and Asia.

Veterans: 17.4 million

The most recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau indicates that there are approximately 17.4 million veterans living in America as of 2019. The Department of Veterans Affairs, which has 1,255 health care facilities throughout the country, serves roughly 9 million veterans. The agency offers services such as mental health treatment, physical therapy, prosthetics, dental exams, urology, and vision care.

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Languages: 350

Linguistically speaking, America is a strikingly diverse place where hundreds of languages converge. A 2015 report by the U.S. Census Bureau concluded that at least 350 languages are spoken in the United States. After English, the Spanish language is the next-most common language in the U.S. with about 40.5 million speakers, or 1 in 5 U.S. residents, as of 2018. The next most-common languages are Chinese (including Mandarin and Cantonese), Tagalog (including Filipino), Vietnamese, Arabic, French, and Korean.

Dogs: 76.8 million

Nowhere is it more true that dogs are everyone’s best friend than in the United States, where more than 48 million households have at least one dog. The figure means that 38.4% of all homes have one or more canine companions. When tallied up, the total number of dogs as companion pets in the United States is an impressive 76,811,305 dogs.

Cats: 58.4 million

Also prevalent and beloved in the U.S. are cats, which number 58,385,725 in the country. Slightly over a quarter of U.S. households contain at least one cat. Vet visits and vet bills are both lower for cats than for dogs. 

Time zones: 6

There are six time zones in the United States which, running from west to east, include Hawaii Standard Time, Alaska Standard Time, Pacific Standard Time, Mountain Standard Time, Central Standard Time, and Eastern Standard Time. Each time zone is one hour apart from the next, beginning in Hawaii and getting later as you move west. Daylight saving time in 2021 kicks off at 2 a.m. on March 14 and ends at 2 a.m. on Nov. 7.

Walmarts: 5,347 stores

The retail giant has 5,347 stores in operation that employ more than 1.5 million people. Of those stores, 3,570 are considered “supercenters” while the rest are broken down into discount stores, neighborhood markets, small format stores, and Sam's Clubs. In 2017, Walmart's global net sales totaled $520 billion. A 2018 study found Walmart to be the retailer engaging in the most wage theft against its employees, with $1.4 billion in total settlements and fines going to employees who experienced wage theft. Wage theft includes such practices as forcing employees to work “off the clock,” refusing to pay overtime wages, violating minimum wage laws, and requiring workers to buy clothing for work without compensation.

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Teachers: 4 million

According to the National Center For Education Statistics, there were 3.3 million public school teachers, 205,600 public charter school teachers, and 509,200 private school teachers as of the 2017–18 school year. Teaching remains a career dominated by women: about 77% of teachers were women in the 2017–18 school year.

Smiths: 2.4 million surnames

Smith is one of the oldest surnames in the U.S., so perhaps it's no surprise that it's the nation's most common last name. In the 2010 Census, there were 2.4 million instances of the surname recorded in the United States. After Smith, the next-most common names included Johnson (1.93 million), Williams (1.62 million), Brown (1.43 million), and Jones (1.42 million)

Restaurants: 660,755

Americans love eating out, a fact that's evidenced by the 660,755 restaurants that were open for business in the United States in the spring of 2018. The COVID-19 pandemic has wrought devastation on the restaurant industry, with an estimated 17% of restaurants closed either permanently or long-term, according to a National Restaurants Association survey.

Trees: 228 billion

The U.S. is covered in trees, which adorn its open space from coast to coast. A 2015 study in Nature reported there are an estimated 228 billion trees growing throughout the country. The number makes it fourth on the list worldwide after Russia (642 billion), Canada (318 billion), and Brazil (302 billion). The more common species in the U.S. include oak trees, maples, Douglas firs, balsam firs, aspens, and dogwoods.

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    Ghost towns: 3,800+

    Ghost towns in the U.S. vary in nature but typically date back to the Wild West era from roughly 1880 to 1940 when frontiersmen went in search of gold, silver, oil, and other valuable resources. The exact number is unknown, but one report by Geotab estimates there are at least 3,800 ghost towns spread across the United States. “Americans know them as vivid reminders of the country's compressed, dynamic and turbulent past,” Peter Ling, Professor of American Studies at the University of Nottingham, said of ghost towns.

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    Correctional facilities: 7,147

    With a criminal justice system holding nearly 2.3 million people, the U.S. has 7,157 correctional facilities spread across all 50 states. The facilities are divided into state prisons (1,833), federal prisons (110), juvenile correctional facilities (1,772), local jails (3,134), immigration detention facilities (218), and Indian Country jails (80). Beyond this number, there are additional sites where people are detained such as military prisons and civil commitment centers.

    Uber drivers: 5 million

    According to the ride-hailing company, there were 5 million Uber drivers in the U.S. at the end of 2019. Uber experienced financial losses due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Uber Eats, which delivers food, was a lifeline for the company during the pandemic, though workers and restaurant owners have pushed back against the model.

    Post offices: 31,322

    The United States Postal Service (USPS) plays an important role in daily American life, a fact that's highlighted by the 31,322 USPS-managed retail post offices that exist throughout the country. The U.S. postal service is one of the largest and most complex in the world, handling 48% of the world's mail volume. In 2019, the agency's operating revenue was $71.1 billion.

    Gas stations: 111,100

    In 2016, there were roughly 111,100 gas stations in the U.S. ranging from small, family-owned pumps to major chain operations like ARCO and Exxon Mobil. In September 2020, approximately 926,200 people were employed in the gas station workforce, including service station attendants, cashiers, food preparation workers, and station managers.

    Lighthouses: 700

    The U.S. contains stunning coastlines, many of which are decorated with old, historical lighthouses. There are approximately 700 lighthouses decorating the United States, the first of which was the Boston Light, built on Little Brewster Island in 1716. It was reconstructed in 1784 after being destroyed by the British. The oldest lighthouse in existence that's never been rebuilt is the Sandy Hook Lighthouse, which was constructed in 1764 and still stands.

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    Hazardous waste sites: 450,000 brownfields

    When a commercial site gets contaminated by some sort of chemical, pollutant, or other hazardous substance, the Environmental Protection Agency labels it a “brownfield” (nicknamed after the agency's Brownfields Program, which helps clean up or mitigate the situation). In the United States, there are currently more than 450,000 brownfield sites. Common contaminants at the sites include pesticides, asbestos, lead, and other hazardous materials.

    Nuns: 42,441

    The number of nuns in the United States reached their highest in 1965, when they numbered 181,421, and their population has been shrinking ever since. In 2019, data from the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate put their number at 42,441. Still, there’s a consistent trickle of women taking vows.

    Jobs: 6.5 million openings

    The number of American job openings was at 6.5 million in November 2020. The unemployment rate was at 6.7% in December 2020, or 10.7 million. The so-called “skills gap” helps explain how so many jobs go unfilled despite high unemployment rates due to the COVID-19 pandemic. After an initial employment downturn in early 2020, jobs started getting added back to the economy in May 2020. December marked the first month that job losses have returned. Notably, the jobs lost were women’s roles, with women losing 156,000 jobs and men gaining 16,000 jobs.

    Hospitals: 6,090

    There are 6,090 hospitals in the United States, according to 2019 data from the American Hospital Association. Within that system, there are 919,559 beds that receive 36.2 million admissions each year. The total expenses for all of those hospitals run a sizable $1.16 trillion.

    Bald eagles: 9,789 nesting pairs

    As the national emblem of the country, the bald eagle was chosen to represent the U.S. due to its ”association with authority and statehood.” President John F. Kennedy later said that the “fierce beauty and proud independence of this great bird aptly symbolizes the strength and freedom of America." 

    Over the years, however, the real-life bird—which once numbered over 100,000—struggled to survive. It was placed on the Endangered Species List in 1967 and another updated version in 1973 but was removed in 2007 after officials said it was no longer needed. Recent counts suggest there are now at least 9,789 nesting pairs of bald eagles in the lower 48 states.

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