Journalism history from the year you were born
Journalism history from the year you were born
Journalism looked a lot different a century ago than it does today. In the early 20th century, publishers often produced three daily newspapers—the morning, afternoon, and evening editions—to keep people up-to-date on the latest events. Radio picked up some of the slack between print editions, allowing people to hear breaking events in real-time.
Fast forward a few decades, and television news was all the rage. Walter Cronkite, the “most trusted man in America,” would end “CBS Evening News” with his famous sign-off, “And that’s the way it is,” creating a sense of familiarity and unity among millions of families tuning in from their living rooms.
Then came the internet. At first, it was seen as a barrier-breaking news tool. Citizen journalists could publish their own take on what was going on in their communities without the need for a publisher, and media outlets could update readers on their websites 24/7. However, the internet soon upended the traditional ad-funded business model of media, leaving traditional outlets strapped for cash. Newspapers and magazines closed in droves in the mid-2000s, and many rounds of layoffs hit newsrooms across the country.
While the media industry still hasn’t fully recovered, there’s reason to be hopeful. Online news subscriptions in the U.S. are up to 20% in 2020, compared to 16% in 2019. There’s an increased push to boost media literacy and combat fake news. And newsroom employment has been on a slight upward trend, save for newspapers, which are sadly still on the decline.
So how did we get to this point? To find out, Stacker compiled a list of important moments in journalism history between 1921 and 2020. It looked at information from think tanks, such as the Pew Research Center and Brookings Institution; universities, including the University of Virginia, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Kansas; and journalism-focused publications, like the Columbia Journalism Review. And of course, it also looked at archival articles from major media, like The New York Times and The Washington Post.
Click through to see which journalism milestones were made the year you were born.
1921: Journalism focuses on scandals
Jazz journalism of the early 1920s brought about lots of sensational stories published in a tabloid format, per the University of Kansas. Many of these news stories focused on sex, crime, and other scandals.
1922: For women journalists only
A group of female journalists established the New York Newspaper Womans’ Club in 1922. Its goal was to promote gender equality in the media. Still around today, the organization is the only professional group exclusively dedicated to women journalists in and around New York City.
1923: America's first weekly news magazine
Briton Hadden and Henry Luce launched Time magazine in New York City in 1923. It is considered to be the country’s first weekly news magazine.
1924: Popularity of radio skyrockets
Around $83 million worth of R.C.A.'s "radio music boxes" had sold by 1924, far exceeding the profits projected by the invention's brainchild, David Sarnof. In a now-famous 1916 memo to the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America, Sarnoff had predicted a future where entertainment could be broadcast into people's homes via radios, which at the time were being sold by Marconi strictly for naval communications: “I have in mind a plan of development that would make radio a household utility in the same sense as a piano or phonograph. The idea is to bring music into the home by wireless.” Sarnoff eventually got $2,000 in funding from Marconi in 1920 to develop the idea; laying the foundation for radio entertainment and, eventually, television. Sarnoff went on to found R.C.A. subsidiary NBC in 1926.
1925: First issue of The New Yorker
Husband-and-wife journalists Harold Ross and Jane Grant founded The New Yorker and published its first issue on Feb. 21, 1925. While the weekly magazine was initially focused on sophisticated humor, it quickly began publishing more serious content, including journalism.
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1926: First NBC broadcast
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) produced its first radio broadcast in November 1926. At first, it primarily broadcasted music, lectures, and speeches, but it later produced news.
1927: Newsreels make their mark
Fox Movietone News in 1927 released its first talkie newsreel, featuring Charles Lindbergh as he embarked on his historic transatlantic flight. It achieved enormous success, and soon after, many other studios began to produce newsreels.
1928: Radio ads offer big boost to business
Media businessman William S. Paley saw sales of products from his father’s company, La Palina Cigars, skyrocket after buying ads on a Philadelphia radio station in 1928. The sales would help him buy a chain of radio stations that became the basis for Columbia Broadcasting System, or CBS.
1929: Media downplays stock market crash
Share prices collapsed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1929. Despite plunging the country into the Great Depression, the event was downplayed by many journalists at many business publications.
1930: Fortune magazine debuts
The first issue of Fortune magazine was published in February 1930. It was on a mission to “accurately, vividly, and concretely” describe modern business.
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1931: Newspaper saturation exceeds 100%
Throughout the 1930s, newspaper saturation was more than 100%. That means there were more newspapers sold every day than the number of households in the United States.
1932: Kidnapping coverage influences jury
Aviator Charles Lindbergh’s infant son was kidnapped from his home on March 1, 1932. Described by reporters as “the crime of the century,” coverage of the event went on to have an influence on the jury at the subsequent trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, according to the Law Library.
1933: Roosevelt hosts first fireside chat
On March 12, 1933, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivered his first fireside chat on the radio. His broadcasts helped cement the radio as an important medium for the news.
1934: Commercial TV station rules set
The Communications Act of 1934 set in motion government-imposed rules on TV airwaves. The act included a mandate that commercial TV stations act in the public interest. It also established the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to enforce its rules.
1935: Time Inc. produces 'The March of Time'
Time Inc. produced “The March of Time” in 1935. The short film series, considered to be “pictorial journalism,” was screened at movie houses and featured a mix of dramatic reenactments and on-the-ground reporting.
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1936: Porter pens personal finance column
Journalist Sylvia Porter began writing a personal finance column for the New York Post in 1936. The newspaper used the byline “S.F. Porter” on her articles in an attempt to hide the fact that a woman in her 20s was providing thousands of readers with financial advice, per the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
1937: Hindenburg crash sparks on-the-spot broadcast reporting
The Hindenburg passenger airship caught fire and crashed in New Jersey on May 6, 1937. Radio reporter Herb Morrison covered the disaster for the Chicago station WLS, marking “the first major catastrophe to be covered by on-the-spot broadcast reporting,” notes the University of Kansas.
1938: 'Murrow Boys' report on WWII
Edward R. Murrow pioneered “CBS World News Roundup,” now America’s longest-running radio newscast, in 1938. He recruited a number of radio reporters, or “Murrow Boys,” to report on World War II events around Europe.
1939: Time magazine recognizes broadcaster Dorothy Thompson
Time magazine recognized journalist and radio broadcaster Dorothy Thompson in 1939. The magazine stated that the “First Lady of Journalism” was nearly as influential as Eleanor Roosevelt.
1940: First Peabody awards
The George Foster Peabody Awards were established in 1940 by the National Association of Broadcasters. The prizes honor powerful and invigorating stories, including news, from radio, TV, and (today) the internet.
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1941: Live broadcast from Pearl Harbor
A radio reporter described the damage caused by the attack on Pearl Harbor immediately after the event on Dec. 7, 1941, during a phone call to a New York City station. The call was broadcast to the entire nation, marking a major moment in live national news.
1942: Hibbs named editor of The Saturday Evening Post
Ben Hibbs, editor-in-chief of Country Gentleman, was tapped in 1942 to become the editor of the beleaguered Saturday Evening Post. Throughout his 20-year tenure, Hibbs breathed new life into the magazine and, by 1961, had brought the Post to its peak circulation of almost 7 million readers.
1943: Bourke-White captures a combat mission
Already considered the first female war correspondent, Margaret Bourke-White broke another barrier for women in journalism in Tunisia in 1943. That year, she became the first woman photojournalist to fly in a combat mission.
1944: Capa photographs the invasion of Normandy
Wading ashore with soldiers, photojournalist Rober Capa captured the invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944. A group of 11 now-famous photos are all that remain after the majority of the film was destroyed.
1945: Ebony magazine debuts
Ebony was founded by entrepreneur and publisher John H. Johnson and stayed the #1 African American magazine in the world for decades. The influential magazine focused on issues that affect the African American community while also celebrating Black celebrities and personalities. Johnson launched Jet, another wildly popular magazine focused on the Black community, in 1951.
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1946: The New Yorker publishes Hershey’s Hiroshima
The New Yorker dedicated its entire Aug. 31, 1946, issue to John Hershey’s “Hiroshima.” The long-form, narrative nonfiction work, which was eventually published in book form, told the stories of a half dozen people who survived the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.
1947: CBS and NBC broadcast 15-minute national newscasts
The 1947-48 season brought forth 15-minute national newscasts from both CBS and NBC, per PBS. CBS was behind “Television News with Douglas Edwards,” while NBC broadcasted “Camel News Caravan,” which was sponsored by the cigarette company.
1948: Dunnigan covers the White House
Journalist Alice Dunnigan became a White House correspondent in 1948, making her the first Black woman in history to do so. Throughout her career, Dunningan’s stories would be published in 112 African American newspapers nationwide.
1949: FCC issues the Fairness Doctrine
The Fairness Doctrine policy required that TV broadcasters provide the same amount of air time to people with opposing views on controversial issues in the public interest. The FCC voted to overturn it less than 30 years later.
1950: Life magazine gets banned in Egypt
Ministers of Cairo banned Life magazine from Egypt on May 10, 1950, immediately confiscating any issues that remained in the country. The move was likely in response to an April 10, 1950, issue of the magazine that included a story on Egyptian King Farouk that characterized him as the “Problem King of Egypt.”
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1951: Murrow takes radio show to TV
Reporter Edward R. Murrow launched the television version of his successful radio show “Hear It Now” in 1952. Renamed “See It Now,” the show became famous for its critical coverage of the Red Scare and contributing to the demise of Senator Joseph McCarthy.
1952: Cronkite pioneers the anchor role
Walter Cronkite became the first news “anchor” when he hosted the Democratic and Republican conventions for CBS in 1952. The role propeled him on to become one of America’s most trusted TV journalists.
1953: Journalist takes down Sen. McCarthy
Murrey Marder began covering Sen. Joe McCarthy and his hearings for The Washington Post in 1953. He discovered that the senator had made false accusations against members of the Army at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, which “helped bring McCarthy to ruin,” The New York Times reported.
1954: BusinessWeek puts a woman on its cover
Brownie Wise, who pioneered the Tupperware party, appeared on the cover of BusinessWeek in 1954. It was the first time the publication put a woman on its cover, says the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The article about Wise was titled "Life of the Party: The Remarkable Story of How Brownie Wise Built, and Lost, a Tupperware Party Empire."
1955: First televised press conference
On Jan. 19, 1955, President Eisenhower strolled into the Indian Treaty Room for the first televised press conference. His opening remarks were "Well, I see we’re trying a new experiment this morning. I hope that doesn’t prove to be a disturbing influence.” Broadcasting the president’s words straight into homes gave the public the opportunity to hear his message unfiltered by the media.
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1956: The Huntley-Brinkley Report debuts on NBC
“The Huntley-Brinkley Report” debuted on NBC in fall 1956. The evening news show earned acclaim for its novel style, which cut between hosts David Brinkley in Washington D.C. and Chet Huntley in New York City. The show represented the first time a national news program had anchors in disparate locations.
1957: The Times' first food writer leaves
Food editor Jane Nickerson, the first of her kind at the New York Times, left the paper in 1957 when she moved to Lakeland, Florida. Nickerson was a pioneer for culinary journalism and published "Jane Nickerson's Florida Cookbook" in 1973.
1958: Gay press wins free speech rights
The Supreme Court’s 1958 decision on One, Inc. v. Olesen ruled that the seizure of a gay magazine violated free speech principles. It was considered a First Amendment win and a landmark in the gay rights movement.
1959: Newspapers dominate media consumption
Television news grew more popular throughout the 1950s, but newspapers still reigned supreme by the end of the decade. In 1959, weekday newspaper circulation was 58.3 million in the United States, according to Pew Research Center data.
1960: TVs in 90% of US households
By 1960, nine in every 10 American households owned a television set, according to PBS. The ubiquity of TV propeled broadcast news and the mass media to greater importance among the American public.
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1961: Kennedy televises press conferences
President John F. Kennedy began regular live telecasts of his press conferences in 1961. He was the first president to do so, giving the public a sense of what helps drive journalism.
1962: Newspaper workers strike
Dec. 8, 1962, marked the start of a 114-day strike among roughly 20,000 newspaper workers in New York City. Workers called for an end to low wages and showed resistance to technology that would automate printing presses.
1963: TV news is more popular than newspapers
With a TV in most U.S. households, Americans increasingly turned to broadcasts as their main source of news in the 1960s. By 1963, people reported for the first time that they got more of their news from television than newspapers, PBS reported.
1964: “The medium is the message”
Communication theorist Marshall McLuhan coined the phrase “the medium is the message” in his 1964 book “Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man.” The phrase describes the theory that communication mediums, such as TV or print media, determine how a given message is received by an audience.
1965: Primo develops 'Eyewitness News' style
TV executive Al Primo in 1965 began working in Philadelphia at NBC’s WRCV, where he invented the “Eyewitness News” format. Still used by television news stations today, the style replaced the standard “man-on-camera” broadcast with a more visual- and action-focused video newscast.
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1966: Freedom of Information Act is signed
The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requires that U.S. government agencies release records upon the request of journalists or other interested parties, with certain exceptions. The law was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 4, 1966, and became effective the following July,
1967: Corporation for Public Broadcasting established
Congress established the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in 1967 in an effort to ensure Americans have access to high-quality, noncommercial radio and television programming. The non-profit is funded by the American people and distributes that funding to almost 1,500 locally managed stations in radio and television.
1968: Cronkite calls for Vietnam War stalemate
During a 1968 report from Vietnam, Walter Cronkite concluded that a stalemate would be the best potential outcome for America in its war against the Viet Cong. His stance served as a devastating blow to President Johnson, PBS wrote.
1969: Hersh uncovers the My Lai Massacre
Acting on a tip, investigative journalist Seymour Hersh exposed the cover-up of the My Lai Massacre in which U.S. troops killed hundreds of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in 1969. The reporting earned Hersh a Pulitzer Prize the following year.
1970: Computer terminal transmits news
Workers at the Associated Press office in Columbia, South Carolina, sent news copy to an Atlanta bureau using a computer terminal in November 1970. It is considered the first time in history that a computer terminal is used for drafting copy and submitting the article to a news service.
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1971: Pentagon Papers are published
The Pentagon Papers, published by the New York Times, uncovered systematic lies from the Johnson Administration to both the public and Congress, as well as information about the country’s involvement in Vietnam starting in the mid-1940s to 1967. The publication of the Pentagon Papers marked a turning point in Richard Nixon’s presidency, and the public’s perception of the media and the government, according to the University of Virginia Miller Center.
Washington Post journalists Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were the reporters behind breaking the Watergate scandal in 1972. Their Pulitzer Prize-winning reporting led to President Nixon’s resignation, along with the indictments of 40 other officials.
1973: Graham breaks glass ceiling at the Post
Katharine Graham became the first woman to hold the title of CEO at a Fortune 500 company when she was named chairwoman of the board of the Washington Post company in 1973, breaking the glass ceiling for women in publishing. She was considered the publisher of the paper from as early as September 1963.
1974: Exposé on CIA covert action programs
In late 1974, The New York Times published coverage from Seymour Hersh that detailed a range of illegal and inappropriate covert action programs at the CIA. The reporting stemmed from the “Family Jewels” set of reports.
1975: Senate investigates CIA, the media
In 1975, the Senate formed the Church Committee to investigate abuses at major government agencies, including the NSA, FBI, and CIA. It would discover that the CIA had 50 journalists on its payroll. Subsequent coverage would put the number of reporters working with the CIA at 400.
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1976: First woman anchor of a nightly newscast
Television got its first woman anchor on a nightly newscast when Barbara Walters joined ABC in 1976. The network paid her a then-remarkable annual salary of $1 million.
1977: Full-text newspaper database becomes available
News in 1977 became more accessible than ever before when the Toronto Globe and Mail launched Info-Globe. Poynter has called it “the first commercially available full-text newspaper database.”
1978: The New York Times creates a business section
The New York Times began dedicating a section of its newspaper exclusively to business in 1978. Throughout the 1970s, the paper also added Weekend and Home sections in an attempt to woo new advertisers and readers.
1979: Racial disparities in newsrooms investigated
In the March/April 1979 issue of the Columbia Journalism Review, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Nick Kotz wrote about newsrooms’ failure to integrate across the United States. Out of 1,762 daily newspapers, two-thirds did not have any nonwhite journalists on staff. He also found that only a handful of minority journalists had been promoted to assistant city editor or more prestigious positions.
1980: First online newspaper
The Columbus Dispatch made media history in 1980 as the first newspaper to go online. It was part of a partnership between 12 Associated Press member newspapers and CompuServe dial-up service.
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1981: First openly gay journalist gets gay beat
The San Francisco Chronicle hired Randy Shilts as a national correspondent in 1981. He was considered to be the first openly gay journalist reporting on gay issues in a mainstream American paper.
1982: USA Today debuts
Gannett began publishing its flagship paper, USA Today, on Sept. 15, 1982. It is now one of the most widely circulated papers in the country.
1983: Craft wins discrimination lawsuit
A federal jury awarded journalist Christine Craft $500,000 in damages after she sued Metromedia for discrimination. The company had tried to demote her to a reporter role from her position as anchor after determining she was “too old, too unattractive and wouldn’t defer to men.”
1984: Buerk reports on Ethiopian famine
English journalist Michael Buerk shocked the world with his television news report on the Ethiopian famine in 1984. It sparked global interest in issues in Africa and helped inspire the idea for the Live Aid Concert the following year.
1985: AP correspondent is taken hostage
Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson was taken hostage in 1985 while reporting in Beirut. Shiite Hezbollah militants held him in captivity until 1991.
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1986: Loews Corp. buys CBS
CBS was acquired by Loews Corp., a hotel and cinema business run by Larry Tisch, in 1986. It was just one of a series of acquisitions that occurred in the media industry during the 1980s and 1990s.
1987: FCC eliminates Fairness Doctrine
The FCC voted to overturn the Fairness Doctrine in August 1987, citing claims that it ran counter to the First Amendment and stood to muffle healthy debate. The policy had required that broadcast license holders offer equal time for both sides of controversial matters of public importance. It was officially removed in 2011.
1988: Student journalists are subject to censorship
In its 1988 decision on Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, the Supreme Court ruled that student journalists’ First Amendment rights are not violated when school faculty censor certain articles in school-sponsored newspapers. The ruling made it clear that the court did not see student newspapers as public forums deserving of all free speech rights.
1989: Warner Communications, Time Inc. merge
Warner Communications, a movies and records producer, and Time Inc., a publisher of books and magazines, merged into one entity in 1989. The move created the largest media company in the world at the time.
1990: National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Assocation
A group of reporters founded the National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Association in 1990. The professional association focuses on fostering fair and accurate reporting on issues affecting the LGBTQ community.
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1991: A defamation ruling related to quotes
In the 1991 Supreme Court decision on Masson v. New Yorker, judges ruled that direct quotations can be defamatory if they intentionally twist the speaker’s meaning. The degree to which a journalist can deliberately change a source’s words and stay protected under the First Amendment is still controversial.
1992: Reporting on congressional misconduct
Common Cause magazine founder Florence Graves uncovered a pattern of sexual misconduct charges against Sen. Bob Packwood in 1992. Her reporting sparked the Senate ethics committee’s first investigation into sexual misconduct charges, leading to Sen. Packwood’s resignation, and prompting the enactment of the Congressional Accountability Act, according to the Brookings Institution.
1993: Prize-winning photo sparks debate
Photojournalist Kevin Carter took his now-famous shot of a vulture looming near a starving child on the ground in Sudan in 1993. The photo, which earned Carter a Pulitzer Prize, prompted debate over when journalists should intervene when reporting on people in crisis.
1994: Gendel comes out NBC
Steven Gendel, a member of the National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Association, revealed he was gay during an NBC newscast of the Stonewall Celebration. According to the association, he’s the first journalist to come out on a major network.
1995: Internet guide is published
The American Journalism Review published “A Journalist’s Guide to the Internet” in early 1995. It was an early example that shows where the media industry was headed in the mid-1990s.
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1996: Fox News Channel is launched
Rupert Murdoch and Roger Ailes launched the Fox News Channel on Oct. 7, 1996. The visually driven station features a mix of rolling news coverage and political commentary with a conservative bend.
1997: Blogs break barriers on the internet
News blogs began to pop up on the internet in 1997. They paved the path for citizen journalism within the coming years, breaking down publishing barriers in the media industry.
1998: Internet news readership skyrockets
The number of people getting their news from the internet increased substantially in the late 1990s. Pew Research Center found that 20% of people in the U.S. got their news online at least once a week, up from 6% in 1996 and 4% in 1995.
1999: New media frames Clinton-Lewinsky scandal
New media presented President Bill Clinton’s scandal with Monica Lewinsky, along with the subsequent impeachment, like “dramatic, prime time-style entertainment,” The International Society of Political Psychology noted. This new style influenced how the event and country leaders were perceived by the public.
2000: AOL acquires Time Warner
America Online and Time Warner merged in 2000 when the former acquired the latter for $182 billion in stock and debt. The new entity was considered the largest media company in the world at the time.
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2001: Enron goes bankrupt
Reporters at the Wall Street Journal uncovered and reported on irregular accounting practices at Enron in the fall of 2001. Soon after, the company filed one of the largest bankruptcies in history.
2002: Report on racist comments leads to resignation
Talking Points Memo reported on racially charged comments made by Sen. Trent Lott in December 2002. Within two weeks, the coverage prompted him to resign from his position as Senate majority leader, underlining the legitimacy of news blogs.
2003: Blogs take on war journalism
Blogs were becoming a more important source of war news in the early 2000s. In 2003, the “Baghdad Blogger,” Salam Pax, posted updates as his city was bombed during the invasion of Iraq. That same year, Back-to-Iraq 3.0 blogger Christopher Allbritton fundraised $15,000 to support his Iraq war reporting efforts.
2004: False documents spark outcry
Within months of the 2004 presidential election, Dan Rather presented a report regarding six documents critical of President George W. Bush’s Air National Guard service. It was later discovered that the documents were not authentic, resulting in weeks of harsh criticism for Rather and CBS. The controversy is now referred to as Rathergate or Memogate.
2005: The Huffington Post debuts
Arianna Huffington and other media moguls launched The Huffington Post on May 9, 2005. Six years later, AOL acquired the publication for $315 million.
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2006: Couric breaks glass ceiling
Katie Couric took on the role as anchor of “CBS Evening News” in 2006. It was the first time one of the “big three” weekday evening news broadcasts had a solo female anchor.
2007: Politico is launched
John Harris and Jim VandeHei, a pair of journalists from The Washington Post, left their positions at the newspaper to found Politico in 2007. They had declined the newspaper’s request for them to launch a similar website at the Post.
2008: Times reporter is kidnapped
The Taliban kidnapped New York Times correspondent David Rohde while he was reporting in Afghanistan in 2008. More than 40 news outlets agreed to a media blackout of the event in an effort to decrease his ransom.
2009: Pulitzer-winning investigation
Sheri Fink, a ProPublica journalist, published an investigation of deadly choices made at a Hurricane Katrina-battered hospital in 2009. The Columbia Journalism Review wrote that Fink became the first reporter from a digital outlet to earn a Pulitzer. Who at an online media company won the first Pulitzer is still up for debate, however.
2010: Digital media drives news consumption
2011: Economy dominates the news
The economy was the biggest news story of 2011, according to the Pew Research Center. Stories on the economy took up 20% of space in newspapers and online news, as well as a similar amount of time on the radio and TV.
2012: Huffington Post wins Pulitzer
Huffington Post journalist David Wood earned a Pulitzer Prize for his 10-part series on wounded veterans in 2012. It is often considered the first time the Pulitzer committee recognized an online-only news publication, but some media, such as Poynter, dispute this claim.
2013: Newspapers reveal NSA’s surveillance
Working with whistleblower Edward Snowden, The Guardian and The Washington Post broke stories about the National Security Agency surveilling foreign officials and U.S. citizens in 2013. The newspapers collectively earned a Pulitzer Prize for their reporting.
2014: BuzzFeed builds serious news team
Once a website devoted to clickbait, BuzzFeed began tackling serious news coverage in the early 2010s. By 2014, its news department employed 170 people, including Pulitzer Prize-winner Mark Schoofs, per the Pew Research Center.
2015: Video game journalism gets its own award
The Society of Professional Journalism established the Kunkel Awards in 2015. Named after Bill Kunkel, a video game journalist, the awards were created in response to the Gamergate controversy of 2014.
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2016: Sex tape scandal forces Gawker into bankruptcy
The popular news site Gawker filed for bankruptcy in the summer of 2016. The outlet was facing extreme financial difficulties after it was ordered to pay $140 million in damages for publishing a sex tape that featured Hulk Hogan.
2017: Online news consumption nearly eclipses TV
Data from the Pew Research Center shows that Americans’ consumption of online news was nearly closing in on TV news viewing in 2017. That year, the gap between the two narrowed to just 7 points, with 43% of U.S. adults saying they often got their news online.
2018: Newspaper circulation dropped to lowest point
The Pew Research Center found that U.S. newspaper circulation fell to an estimated 28.6 million on weekdays and 30.8 million on Sundays in 2018. The numbers pointed to the lowest circulation rates since 1940—the first year that analysts began tracking circulation.
2019: Fake news breaks down trust in media
A growing prevalence of “fake news” on social media and in fringe publications damaged trust in all media in 2019. Some journalists blamed President Donald Trump’s accusations of critical reports as “fake” for eroding global press freedom.
2020: 'This American Life' wins Pulitzer
“This American Life” earned the first Pulitzer award for audio journalism in May 2020. The prize was given in recognition of the program’s investigation of asylum-seekers at a makeshift refugee camp in Mexico.
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