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How transgender protection laws differ by state

  • Hawaii

    Hawaii is one of the more progressive states on transgender protection laws, yet there are areas for forward movement. Currently, there are no laws protecting transgender people from credit or lending discrimination. Laws are in place to ensure an individual’s right to change official documents to their identified gender.

  • Idaho

    Idaho doesn’t have laws in place to protect LGBTQ individuals looking to adopt or provide foster care for children, though laws do exist to protect children in the welfare system. The state ranks relatively low on the protection spectrum, leaving an LGBTQ population numbering 48,000 at risk.

  • Illinois

    Illinois has protection laws in place so transgender individuals can adopt children and provide foster homes for youth.There are also laws protecting students from discrimination and bullying. While there are no laws that allow discrimination against young transgender people participating in school sports, there are no laws specifically to protect this right, either.

  • Indiana

    Indiana has an LGBTQ population of 272,000. While same-sex couples have laws protecting their right to adopt children, transgender parents do not. A similar situation appears in laws that regard some crimes against same-sex couples as hate crimes but don’t extend that protection to transgender people.

  • Iowa

    Iowa verges on the more progressive side of transgender protection laws, with the MAP considering all individuals legally protected. Still, there are no laws in place to ensure an individual’s ability to update official documents, and hate crime laws in the state do not protect transgender people.

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  • Kansas

    Kansas has statewide protections for all LGBTQ state employees, yet there are strong religious exemption laws for other industries. The state’s LGBTQ youth are not protected, and there are no laws protecting individuals from discrimination by health care companies.

  • Kentucky

    Kentucky does protect the rights of all individuals to adopt children, regardless of gender or sexual orientation, yet transgender children in the state do not have specific protections in place. Conversion therapy is allowed, and transgender individuals are not covered under state hate crime laws.

  • Louisiana

    With an LGBTQ population of 169,000, Louisiana has few protections in place. There are currently no laws that protect transgender youth in the state, and none protecting the right for anyone on the LGBTQ spectrum to adopt or foster a child. Only 12% of the population is fully protected when it comes to employment, accommodation, and housing discrimination, according to MAP.

  • Maine

    Maine has an LGBTQ population of 60,000 people and a wide array of laws protecting them. The MAP considers the entire population to be protected, though there are still areas where the state can move forward with further legislative measures. There are currently no transgender-inclusive laws prohibiting state employees from being deprived of needed health benefits.

  • Maryland

    According to the MAP, 5% of Maryland's workforce is on the LGBTQ spectrum. While protection laws exist for adults hoping to adopt children, there are no statewide laws protecting transgender youth. Maryland also doesn’t have a ban on the “gay/trans panic defense,” leaving all individuals on this spectrum at risk.

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