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How transgender protection laws differ by state

  • South Dakota

    South Dakota has laws in place to protect transgender individuals seeking to adopt children, but the state ranks very low in terms of overall protection. According to the MAP, only 3% of the population is considered fully protected.

  • Tennessee

    Tennessee has a law in place that prevents statewide anti-discrimination legislation from being passed. Moreover, the MAP does not consider any part of the population fully or even partially protected by laws that prevent individuals from discrimination on the basis of gender identity.

  • Texas

    Texas does not protect the majority of its 1,053,000 LGBTQ residents. Though crimes against individuals with varying sexual orientation can be prosecuted as hate crimes, those same protections do not exist for transgender people.

  • Utah

    Utah has anti-discrimination laws in place that protect the rights of transgender adults when seeking housing or employment through the state or private businesses. Laws protecting LBGTQ youth are localized, not statewide, but "conversion therapy" is banned across the state. Gender-neutral markers are allowed on both driver’s licenses and birth certificates.

  • Vermont

    Vermont’s 30,000 LGBTQ residents are considered fully protected by the MAP. The state has laws in place to protect the rights of all people when it comes to employment, housing, and adoption. In November 2020, Vermont residents elected Taylor Small, the first openly transgender legislator.

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  • Virginia

    Virginia has nondiscrimination laws in place to protect transgender adults when seeking housing, employment, and public accommodation, but LGBTQ parents hoping to adpot or foster children are not protected by state law. Transgender students are protected by statewide nondiscrimination laws, and though nondiscrimination laws are not comprehensive and statewide, the MAP considers the entire population legally protected.

  • Washington

    The MAP considers Washington to be a fully protected state. All necessary laws are in place that allow transgender individuals to change official documents. Statewide, there are protections for transgender people seeking housing, public accommodation, and employment.

  • Washington D.C.

    There are many protections for transgender people in Washington D.C. LGBTQ youth are legally safe from discrimination, bullying, and "conversion therapy." The "panic defense," however, is not banned in the District.

  • West Virginia

    West Virginia has a low safety rating, according to the MAP. There are protections in place to prevent LGBTQ parents from discrimination in the adoption process, but no statewide laws to protect those individuals when it comes to housing or employment.

  • Wisconsin

    Wisconsin has passed state laws ensuring nondiscriminatory practices in health care for all individuals, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity, but there are no specific statewide employment and housing protections for transgender people. There are no laws in place to protect transgender students from bullying or discrimination, either.