1960: Eurodollar, new journalism
Other notable words: brain drain, cruise control, dreadlock, junk food, theme park, wide receiver
With its roots traced to an $800,000 transaction in 1957, when European banks began accepting deposits in U.S. dollars, "eurodollar" made its way to the dictionary in 1960. So did "new journalism," although the term wasn't officially credited until a 1972 article by Tom Wolfe in "New York Magazine."
1961: Affirmative action, macro lens
Other notable words: black ice, docudrama, photo-realism, soul music, theater of the absurd, travel trailer
President John F. Kennedy was the first to use the term ‘affirmative action’ in an executive order in 1961. Credited for its invention by a West German in 1955, the macro lens lets photographers get up close and personal.
1962: AK-47, carpool
Other notable words: lavalier microphone, mixed-media, Oval Office, road rash, salsa, tight end
Deemed the most successful assault rifle in human history, the AK-47 was designed in 1947 and accepted to the M-W dictionary in 1962. First used as a noun in 1942, "carpool" was accepted as a verb 20 years later as people increasingly partook in carpooling.
1963: Space walk, ZIP-code
1964: Antiquark, garage sale
Other notable words: barf bag, rat fink, snowmobiling, strike-slip, talking head, xanthan gum
Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig put forth the idea of quarks and antiquarks this year, dealing with particle masses. Although they go by many names, garage sales became increasingly popular through this time, and well into the 1970s and beyond.
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1965: Big-block, doo-wop
1966: Big hair, guerrilla theater
Other notable words: bullet train, domino effect, foosball, ranch dressing, trail bike, vanity plate
Actress Marjorie Lord's massive bouffant in a Bob Hope comedy in 1966 is considered quintessential big hair. The popularity of guerrilla theater, which sprang up in 1965, continued to grow in 1966 when the San Francisco Mime Troupe took it on a cross-country tour.
1967: Cannabinoid, cryonic suspension
Other notable words: dietary supplement, firmware, networking, omega-3, spaghetti western, word processing
1968: Epstein-Barr virus, liquid crystal display
Other notable words: blind carbon copy, correction fluid, green revolution, marginalize, peace symbol, sanitary landfill
1969: In vitro fertilization, Martin Luther King Day
Other notable words: advocacy journalism, biofeedback, graphic equalizer, plate tectonics, sport-utility vehicle, windsurfing
Robert Geoffrey Edwards and other researchers fertilized a human egg using in vitro fertilization in 1969. The King Memorial Center sponsored the first observance of Martin Luther King Day in January, recognizing the life and work of Martin Luther King Jr.
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