Most common jobs in Virginia Beach - Norfolk

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July 11, 2021
The Boston Globe // Getty Images

Most common jobs in Virginia Beach

The 10 largest occupations in America employ 30.5 million workers, representing 21% of all workers. Keeping America’s economy moving would be impossible without office workers, package handlers, food prep workers, and truck drivers. And what would the sick do without the millions of hospital workers, nurses, and home health aides?

Stacker compiled a list of the most common jobs in Virginia Beach using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Jobs are ranked by total employment as of May 2020. While much has changed during the coronavirus pandemic, the jobs featured here give a holistic view at the most popular industries in your area and how many jobs are supported.

Keep reading to see which jobs in Virginia Beach are the most common.

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Bigflick // Shutterstock

#50. Correctional officers and jailers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,300 (3.203 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $45,830 (#97 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 405,870 (2.918 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $52,340
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Bakersfield, CA ($85,850)
--- Stockton-Lodi, CA ($84,790)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($83,050)
- Job description: Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institutions in accordance with established regulations and procedures. May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, prison, or other point. Includes deputy sheriffs and police who spend the majority of their time guarding prisoners in correctional institutions.
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Rappaport Center // Wikimedia Commons

#49. Lawyers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,310 (3.217 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $130,810 (#75 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 658,120 (4.731 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $148,910
- Entry level education requirements: Doctoral or professional degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($231,610)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($201,920)
--- Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV ($186,070)
- Job description: Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law.
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Kzenon // Shutterstock

#48. Training and development specialists

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,460 (3.420 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $67,750 (#92 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 318,040 (2.286 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $67,440
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Decatur, AL ($101,590)
--- Vallejo-Fairfield, CA ($99,070)
--- Savannah, GA ($94,820)
- Job description: Design or conduct work-related training and development programs to improve individual skills or organizational performance. May analyze organizational training needs or evaluate training effectiveness.
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Oleg Golovnev // Shutterstock

#47. First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,470 (3.438 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $73,120 (#63 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 599,900 (4.313 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $66,800
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Baton Rouge, LA ($101,930)
--- Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX ($100,590)
--- Longview, WA ($99,590)
- Job description: Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating workers, such as inspectors, precision workers, machine setters and operators, assemblers, fabricators, and plant and system operators. Excludes team or work leaders.
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Pressmaster // Shutterstock

#46. Market research analysts and marketing specialists

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,540 (3.525 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $60,900 (#157 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 690,160 (4.962 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $73,970
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($117,900)
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($97,720)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($96,150)
- Job description: Research conditions in local, regional, national, or online markets. Gather information to determine potential sales of a product or service, or plan a marketing or advertising campaign. May gather information on competitors, prices, sales, and methods of marketing and distribution. May employ search marketing tactics, analyze web metrics, and develop recommendations to increase search engine ranking and visibility to target markets.
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Oksana Shufrych // Shutterstock

#45. Recreation workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,560 (3.559 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $28,560 (#218 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 325,640 (2.341 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $30,960
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Fairbanks, AK ($58,380)
--- Danbury, CT ($46,330)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($44,300)
- Job description: Conduct recreation activities with groups in public, private, or volunteer agencies or recreation facilities. Organize and promote activities, such as arts and crafts, sports, games, music, dramatics, social recreation, camping, and hobbies, taking into account the needs and interests of individual members.
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ALPA PROD // Shutterstock

#44. Medical secretaries and administrative assistants

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,600 (3.618 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $37,310 (#143 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 597,100 (4.293 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $39,000
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($55,220)
--- Salinas, CA ($53,900)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($52,020)
- Job description: Perform secretarial duties using specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital, clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties may include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.
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Glenn Highcove // Shutterstock

#43. Industrial truck and tractor operators

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,660 (3.694 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $40,820 (#108 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 640,950 (4.608 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $39,210
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Urban Honolulu, HI ($58,230)
--- Hinesville, GA ($56,220)
--- Battle Creek, MI ($52,400)
- Job description: Operate industrial trucks or tractors equipped to move materials around a warehouse, storage yard, factory, construction site, or similar location.
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Canva

#42. Computer systems analysts

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,900 (4.027 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $98,330 (#52 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 574,450 (4.13 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $99,020
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($133,970)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($125,350)
--- Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX ($124,070)
- Job description: Analyze science, engineering, business, and other data processing problems to develop and implement solutions to complex applications problems, system administration issues, or network concerns. Perform systems management and integration functions, improve existing computer systems, and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and schedule limitations. May analyze or recommend commercially available software.
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Education Images // Getty Images

#41. Substitute teachers, short-term

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,930 (4.079 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $25,780 (#212 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 512,030 (3.681 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $36,090
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Salisbury, MD-DE ($87,620)
--- Santa Rosa, CA ($61,870)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($60,900)
- Job description: Teach students on a short-term basis as a temporary replacement for a regular classroom teacher, typically using the regular teacher's lesson plan.
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Rusty Clark ~ 100K Photos // Flickr

#40. Counter and rental clerks

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,940 (4.079 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $32,150 (#199 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 368,300 (2.648 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $34,700
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Leominster-Gardner, MA ($51,690)
--- Santa Rosa, CA ($46,630)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($46,380)
- Job description: Receive orders, generally in person, for repairs, rentals, and services. May describe available options, compute cost, and accept payment.
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Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#39. Driver/sales workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 2,950 (4.104 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $29,080 (#238 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 420,890 (3.026 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $31,870
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Gadsden, AL ($46,460)
--- Cumberland, MD-WV ($45,780)
--- Medford, OR ($45,310)
- Job description: Drive truck or other vehicle over established routes or within an established territory and sell or deliver goods, such as food products, including restaurant take-out items, or pick up or deliver items such as commercial laundry. May also take orders, collect payment, or stock merchandise at point of delivery.
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Milkovasa // Shutterstock

#38. Medical assistants

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,150 (4.373 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $35,350 (#160 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 710,200 (5.106 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $36,930
- Entry level education requirements: Postsecondary nondegree award
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($53,960)
--- Vallejo-Fairfield, CA ($53,660)
--- Santa Rosa, CA ($52,520)
- Job description: Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of a physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician.
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Canva

#37. Food preparation workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,170 (4.403 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $25,160 (#203 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 793,590 (5.705 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $26,820
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI ($37,330)
--- Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA ($36,120)
--- Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA ($35,860)
- Job description: Perform a variety of food preparation duties other than cooking, such as preparing cold foods and shellfish, slicing meat, and brewing coffee or tea.
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G-Stock Studio // Shutterstock

#36. Production, planning, and expediting clerks

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,190 (4.436 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $63,010 (#7 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 362,090 (2.603 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $52,000
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Bremerton-Silverdale, WA ($69,410)
--- Pine Bluff, AR ($68,850)
--- Portsmouth, NH-ME ($66,920)
- Job description: Coordinate and expedite the flow of work and materials within or between departments of an establishment according to production schedule. Duties include reviewing and distributing production, work, and shipment schedules; conferring with department supervisors to determine progress of work and completion dates; and compiling reports on progress of work, inventory levels, costs, and production problems.
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Lopolo // Shutterstock

#35. Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,340 (4.637 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $68,830 (#79 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 599,520 (4.31 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $64,990
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Bakersfield, CA ($101,970)
--- New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA ($89,200)
--- Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA ($88,220)
- Job description: Teach one or more subjects to students at the middle, intermediate, or junior high school level.
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David Spates // Shutterstock

#34. Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,440 (4.781 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $50,140 (#187 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 344,020 (2.473 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $53,410
- Entry level education requirements: Postsecondary nondegree award
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Fairbanks, AK ($91,840)
--- Napa, CA ($82,650)
--- Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA ($76,440)
- Job description: Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, HVAC, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air furnaces, and heating stoves.
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nullplus // Shutterstock

#32 (tie). Light truck drivers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,530 (4.903 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $40,360 (#139 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 929,470 (6.682 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $41,050
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($52,420)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($51,890)
--- Anchorage, AK ($51,590)
- Job description: Drive a light vehicle, such as a truck or van, with a capacity of less than 26,001 pounds Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), primarily to pick up merchandise or packages from a distribution center and deliver. May load and unload vehicle.
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4 PM production // Shutterstock

#32 (tie). First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,530 (4.909 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $71,320 (#174 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 475,000 (3.415 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $73,100
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($95,680)
--- Bremerton-Silverdale, WA ($93,140)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($92,810)
- Job description: Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of mechanics, installers, and repairers. May also advise customers on recommended services. Excludes team or work leaders.
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Rido // Shutterstock

#31. Human resources specialists

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,650 (5.070 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $69,940 (#61 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 647,810 (4.657 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $69,430
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($96,090)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($93,680)
--- Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV ($90,130)
- Job description: Recruit, screen, interview, or place individuals within an organization. May perform other activities in multiple human resources areas.
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Pixabay

#30. Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,670 (5.099 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $52,500 (#51 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 397,550 (2.858 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $46,690
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Fairbanks, AK ($75,080)
--- Wheeling, WV-OH ($74,970)
--- Anchorage, AK ($73,790)
- Job description: Use hand-welding, flame-cutting, hand-soldering, or brazing equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.
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4 PM production // Shutterstock

#29. Automotive service technicians and mechanics

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 3,700 (5.141 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $53,310 (#29 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 620,110 (4.458 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $46,760
- Entry level education requirements: Postsecondary nondegree award
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Fairbanks, AK ($66,060)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($64,630)
--- California-Lexington Park, MD ($64,420)
- Job description: Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul automotive vehicles.
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Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images

#28. Carpenters

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 4,050 (5.628 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $43,360 (#255 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 699,300 (5.027 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $54,200
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Urban Honolulu, HI ($82,950)
--- Vallejo-Fairfield, CA ($82,300)
--- Hanford-Corcoran, CA ($79,870)
- Job description: Construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood and comparable materials, such as concrete forms; building frameworks, including partitions, joists, studding, and rafters; and wood stairways, window and door frames, and hardwood floors. May also install cabinets, siding, drywall, and batt or roll insulation. Includes brattice builders who build doors or brattices (ventilation walls or partitions) in underground passageways.
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Canva

#27. Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 4,120 (5.732 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $29,590 (#267 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 872,370 (6.272 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $33,800
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($46,990)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($45,160)
--- New Haven, CT ($43,820)
- Job description: Landscape or maintain grounds of property using hand or power tools or equipment. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks, which may include any combination of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming, planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, sprinkler installation, and installation of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units.
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B Brown // Shutterstock

#26. Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 4,290 (5.958 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $68,560 (#85 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 991,000 (7.124 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $67,340
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Napa, CA ($99,170)
--- Fresno, CA ($96,200)
--- Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA ($95,500)
- Job description: Teach one or more subjects to students at the secondary school level.
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JOHANNES EISELE // Getty Images

#25. Passenger vehicle drivers, except bus drivers, transit and intercity

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 4,460 (6.205 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $32,630 (#178 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 599,980 (4.313 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $34,360
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($46,580)
--- Fairbanks, AK ($45,780)
--- Bremerton-Silverdale, WA ($44,940)
- Job description: Drive a motor vehicle to transport passengers on a planned or scheduled basis. May collect a fare.
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Tim Goode/PA Images // Getty Images

#24. Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial services, and travel

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 4,590 (6.385 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $56,360 (#256 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 977,070 (7.024 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $70,490
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($115,620)
--- Lawrence, KS ($97,910)
--- Boulder, CO ($94,870)
- Job description: Sell services to individuals or businesses. May describe options or resolve client problems.
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sculpies // Shutterstock

#23. First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 4,720 (6.562 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $69,050 (#166 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 614,080 (4.415 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $72,990
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($107,870)
--- Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA ($103,930)
--- Santa Rosa, CA ($100,620)
- Job description: Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.
29 / 50
OLIVIER DOULIERY // Getty Images

#22. First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 5,150 (7.162 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $40,130 (#76 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 891,540 (6.409 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $37,880
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI ($59,490)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($53,350)
--- Napa, CA ($53,230)
- Job description: Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in preparing and serving food.
30 / 50
Pixabay

#21. Construction laborers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 5,220 (7.253 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $34,620 (#269 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 971,330 (6.983 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $43,000
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI ($66,670)
--- Kankakee, IL ($65,730)
--- Urban Honolulu, HI ($63,860)
- Job description: Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris, and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers.
31 / 50
Jorge Royan // Wikimedia Commons

#20. Cooks, restaurant

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 5,240 (7.278 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $27,510 (#190 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,109,650 (7.977 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $29,530
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI ($45,200)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($39,950)
--- Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT ($39,450)
- Job description: Prepare, season, and cook dishes such as soups, meats, vegetables, or desserts in restaurants. May order supplies, keep records and accounts, price items on menu, or plan menu.
32 / 50
Sean Rayford // Getty Images

#19. Security guards

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 5,550 (7.708 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $34,880 (#117 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,054,400 (7.58 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $34,360
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Idaho Falls, ID ($66,030)
--- San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA ($61,090)
--- Durham-Chapel Hill, NC ($51,850)
- Job description: Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules. May operate x-ray and metal detector equipment.
33 / 50
New Africa // Shutterstock

#18. Receptionists and information clerks

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 6,240 (8.673 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $29,260 (#226 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 968,420 (6.962 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $32,410
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Napa, CA ($43,270)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($42,160)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($41,840)
- Job description: Answer inquiries and provide information to the general public, customers, visitors, and other interested parties regarding activities conducted at establishment and location of departments, offices, and employees within the organization.
34 / 50
G-Stock Studio // Shutterstock

#17. Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 6,470 (8.996 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $39,770 (#116 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,850,360 (13.302 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $40,420
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT ($56,080)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($52,480)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($51,930)
- Job description: Perform routine administrative functions such as drafting correspondence, scheduling appointments, organizing and maintaining paper and electronic files, or providing information to callers.
35 / 50
Roman Samborskyi // Shutterstock

#16. Software developers and software quality assurance analysts and testers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 6,520 (9.060 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $101,630 (#107 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,476,800 (10.617 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $114,270
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($157,480)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($144,740)
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($140,930)
- Job description: Research, design, and develop computer and network software or specialized utility programs. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions, applying principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis. Update software or enhance existing software capabilities. May work with computer hardware engineers to integrate hardware and software systems, and develop specifications and performance requirements. May maintain databases within an application area, working individually or coordinating database development as part of a team.
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ImageFlow // Shutterstock

#15. Accountants and auditors

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 6,550 (9.107 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $75,320 (#124 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,274,620 (9.163 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $81,660
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Salinas, CA ($111,680)
--- New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA ($105,720)
--- Midland, TX ($103,120)
- Job description: Examine, analyze, and interpret accounting records to prepare financial statements, give advice, or audit and evaluate statements prepared by others. Install or advise on systems of recording costs or other financial and budgetary data.
37 / 50
Pixabay

#14. Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 6,790 (9.440 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $40,990 (#349 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,797,710 (12.924 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $48,710
- Entry level education requirements: Postsecondary nondegree award
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Barnstable Town, MA ($65,170)
--- Danville, IL ($63,230)
--- Lewiston, ID-WA ($62,250)
- Job description: Drive a tractor-trailer combination or a truck with a capacity of at least 26,001 pounds Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW). May be required to unload truck. Requires commercial drivers' license. Includes tow truck drivers.
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GaudiLab // Shutterstock

#13. First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 6,920 (9.614 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $59,800 (#122 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,427,260 (10.261 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $62,010
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Bremerton-Silverdale, WA ($78,770)
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($77,030)
--- New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA ($75,820)
- Job description: Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of clerical and administrative support workers.
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Paul.J.West // Shutterstock

#12. Teaching assistants, except postsecondary

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 6,930 (9.638 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $28,820 (#158 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,272,840 (9.151 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $30,630
- Entry level education requirements: Some college, no degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA ($42,110)
--- New Bedford, MA ($41,780)
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($41,160)
- Job description: Assist a preschool, elementary, middle, or secondary school teacher with instructional duties. Serve in a position for which a teacher has primary responsibility for the design and implementation of educational programs and services.
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The Boston Globe // Getty Images

#11. Elementary school teachers, except special education

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 7,130 (9.908 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $67,390 (#90 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,364,870 (9.812 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $65,420
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Merced, CA ($99,360)
--- Kingston, NY ($93,780)
--- Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA ($92,910)
- Job description: Teach academic and social skills to students at the elementary school level.
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Pixabay

#10. Maintenance and repair workers, general

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 7,220 (10.040 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $40,650 (#219 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,357,630 (9.76 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $43,790
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($58,140)
--- Yuba City, CA ($57,930)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($54,820)
- Job description: Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of a building in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; HVAC maintenance; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs.
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Pixabay

#9. General and operations managers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 10,230 (14.224 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $111,450 (#166 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 2,347,420 (16.876 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $125,740
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT ($183,170)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($175,990)
--- New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA ($172,370)
- Job description: Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of public or private sector organizations, overseeing multiple departments or locations. Duties and responsibilities include formulating policies, managing daily operations, and planning the use of materials and human resources, but are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any one functional area of management or administration, such as personnel, purchasing, or administrative services. Usually manage through subordinate supervisors. Excludes First-Line Supervisors.
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Pixabay

#8. Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 10,540 (14.651 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $30,570 (#273 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 2,805,200 (20.167 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $33,710
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($42,690)
--- Fairbanks, AK ($41,900)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($41,820)
- Job description: Manually move freight, stock, luggage, or other materials, or perform other general labor. Includes all manual laborers not elsewhere classified.
44 / 50
Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#7. Waiters and waitresses

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 11,420 (15.874 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $24,110 (#207 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 1,944,240 (13.977 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $27,470
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Urban Honolulu, HI ($62,630)
--- Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI ($57,210)
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($43,160)
- Job description: Take orders and serve food and beverages to patrons at tables in dining establishment.
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ESB Basic // Shutterstock

#6. Customer service representatives

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 13,390 (18.612 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $31,890 (#317 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 2,833,250 (20.368 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $38,510
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($49,930)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($47,720)
--- Midland, MI ($47,250)
- Job description: Interact with customers to provide basic or scripted information in response to routine inquiries about products and services. May handle and resolve general complaints. Excludes individuals whose duties are primarily installation, sales, repair, and technical support.
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The Boston Globe // Getty Images

#5. Stockers and order fillers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 14,010 (19.467 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $30,940 (#126 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 2,210,960 (15.895 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $31,010
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- Odessa, TX ($39,130)
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($39,040)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($38,580)
- Job description: Receive, store, and issue merchandise, materials, equipment, and other items from stockroom, warehouse, or storage yard to fill shelves, racks, tables, or customers' orders. May operate power equipment to fill orders. May mark prices on merchandise and set up sales displays.
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Rawpixel.com // Shutterstock

#4. Registered nurses

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 14,260 (19.825 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $73,360 (#126 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 2,986,500 (21.47 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $80,010
- Entry level education requirements: Bachelor’s degree
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($149,200)
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($146,870)
--- Vallejo-Fairfield, CA ($142,140)
- Job description: Assess patient health problems and needs, develop and implement nursing care plans, and maintain medical records. Administer nursing care to ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled patients. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention or provide case management. Licensing or registration required.
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Ruslan Galiullin // Shutterstock

#3. Office clerks, general

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 15,440 (21.455 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $33,120 (#281 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 2,788,090 (20.044 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $37,770
- Entry level education requirements: High school diploma or equivalent
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($49,560)
--- Napa, CA ($47,570)
--- Boulder, CO ($47,160)
- Job description: Perform duties too varied and diverse to be classified in any specific office clerical occupation, requiring knowledge of office systems and procedures. Clerical duties may be assigned in accordance with the office procedures of individual establishments and may include a combination of answering telephones, bookkeeping, typing or word processing, office machine operation, and filing.
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Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#2. Retail salespersons

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 20,330 (28.261 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $26,510 (#348 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 3,659,670 (26.31 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $30,940
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($43,160)
--- Carson City, NV ($40,030)
--- Santa Rosa, CA ($39,160)
- Job description: Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor vehicles, appliances, or apparel to consumers.
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Pxhere

#1. Fast food and counter workers

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
- Employment: 24,630 (34.233 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $22,750 (#186 highest pay among all metros)

National
- Employment: 3,450,120 (24.803 per 1,000 jobs)
- Annual mean salary: $24,540
- Entry level education requirements: No formal educational credential
- Metros with highest average pay:
--- San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA ($34,020)
--- San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA ($34,000)
--- Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA ($33,370)
- Job description: Perform duties such as taking orders and serving food and beverages. Serve customers at counter or from a steam table. May take payment. May prepare food and beverages.

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