What New Mexico's immigrant population looked like in 1900

Written by:
March 26, 2022
Historical // Getty Images

What New Mexico's immigrant population looked like in 1900

Since the first successful English colony settled in Jamestown in 1607, flows of immigrants have arrived on American shores seeking a new life. From Irish immigrants fleeing famine to Chinese immigrants settling in California during the Gold Rush, more than 86 million people legally immigrated to the United States between 1783 and 2019.

There have been four major waves of immigration to the U.S., beginning with settlers from northern and western Europe seeking land on the frontier from 1820 to 1880. The immigrants counted in the 1900 Census hailed primarily from southern and eastern Europe, drawn by the call of industrialization in America. At the advent of the era of world wars, there was a dearth of immigration, but after 1965, individuals from Asia and Latin America began to move to the U.S. in droves.

Though the national immigrant population today and in 1900 is comparable by percentage, hovering around 14% of the overall U.S. population, the raw population tells a different story. Today, the U.S. is home to 44.7 million immigrants, whereas that number was just shy of 10.5 million at the time of the 1900 Census. Stacker compiled a list of the largest sources of immigrants in New Mexico in 1900 by transcribing a previously untranscribed dataset from the U.S. Census Bureau. Countries are ranked by total residents who were born in that country.

Immigration to the U.S. was handled at the state level prior to 1890, with each state government designating its own processes and checkpoints. New York originally used Castle Garden (now Castle Clinton) as its immigration processing hub, but within a few decades realized that a massive influx of immigrants necessitated a larger venue. Ellis Island opened on Jan. 1, 1892, to the first of more than 12 million individuals who entered the U.S. through its doors.

Keep reading to find out more about the historical immigrant community in your home state or explore the data on your own on our site, GitHub, or data.world.

You may also like: Counties with the most renters in New Mexico

1 / 42
Alexander Alland, Jr. // Getty Images

#1. Mexico

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 6,649
- Percent of foreign born residents: 35.70%
- Percent of total state population: 3.40%
National
- Number of residents: 103,445
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.99%
- #19 most common country of origin

2 / 42
Lewis W. Hine // Getty Images

#2. Germany

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 1,360
- Percent of foreign born residents: 7.30%
- Percent of total state population: 0.70%
National
- Number of residents: 2,669,164
- Percent of foreign born residents: 25.52%
- #1 most common country of origin

3 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#3. England

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 968
- Percent of foreign born residents: 5.20%
- Percent of total state population: 0.50%
National
- Number of residents: 843,491
- Percent of foreign born residents: 8.06%
- #4 most common country of origin

4 / 42
Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#4. Canada

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 764
- Percent of foreign born residents: 4.10%
- Percent of total state population: 0.39%
National
- Number of residents: 1,183,225
- Percent of foreign born residents: 11.31%
- #3 most common country of origin

5 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#5. Ireland

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 692
- Percent of foreign born residents: 3.72%
- Percent of total state population: 0.35%
National
- Number of residents: 1,619,409
- Percent of foreign born residents: 15.48%
- #2 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with highest COVID-19 infection rates in New Mexico

6 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#6. Italy

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 661
- Percent of foreign born residents: 3.55%
- Percent of total state population: 0.34%
National
- Number of residents: 484,703
- Percent of foreign born residents: 4.63%
- #6 most common country of origin

7 / 42
Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#7. Scotland

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 427
- Percent of foreign born residents: 2.29%
- Percent of total state population: 0.22%
National
- Number of residents: 234,699
- Percent of foreign born residents: 2.24%
- #11 most common country of origin

8 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#8. Austria

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 352
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.89%
- Percent of total state population: 0.18%
National
- Number of residents: 276,702
- Percent of foreign born residents: 2.65%
- #10 most common country of origin

9 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#9. China

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 314
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.69%
- Percent of total state population: 0.16%
National
- Number of residents: 106,659
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.02%
- #16 most common country of origin

10 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#10. France

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 298
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.60%
- Percent of total state population: 0.15%
National
- Number of residents: 104,534
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.00%
- #18 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the highest rate of food insecure children in New Mexico

11 / 42
Minnesota Historical Society // Getty Images

#11. Sweden

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 244
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.31%
- Percent of total state population: 0.12%
National
- Number of residents: 574,625
- Percent of foreign born residents: 5.49%
- #5 most common country of origin

12 / 42
UniversalImagesGroup // Getty Images

#12. Switzerland

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 123
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.66%
- Percent of total state population: 0.06%
National
- Number of residents: 115,959
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.11%
- #15 most common country of origin

13 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#13. Wales

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 105
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.56%
- Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
- Number of residents: 93,744
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.90%
- #20 most common country of origin

14 / 42
Minnesota Historical Society // Getty Images

#14. Poland

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 105
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.56%
- Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
- Number of residents: 383,595
- Percent of foreign born residents: 3.67%
- #8 most common country of origin

15 / 42
Samuel Hopwood // Getty Images

#15. Russia

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 99
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.53%
- Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
- Number of residents: 424,372
- Percent of foreign born residents: 4.06%
- #7 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties in New Mexico where people spend most of their paycheck on housing

16 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#16. Holland

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 99
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.53%
- Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
- Number of residents: 105,098
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.00%
- #17 most common country of origin

17 / 42
Buyenlarge // Getty Images

#17. Norway

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 88
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.47%
- Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
- Number of residents: 338,426
- Percent of foreign born residents: 3.24%
- #9 most common country of origin

18 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#18. Denmark

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 57
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.31%
- Percent of total state population: 0.03%
National
- Number of residents: 154,616
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.48%
- #13 most common country of origin

19 / 42
Print Collector // Getty Images

#19. Asia (except China, Japan, and India)

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 48
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.26%
- Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
- Number of residents: 11,928
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
- #27 most common country of origin

20 / 42
Smith Collection/Gado // Getty Images

#20. Hungary

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 41
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.22%
- Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
- Number of residents: 145,815
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.39%
- #14 most common country of origin

You may also like: Best counties to raise a family in New Mexico

21 / 42
Keystone-France // Getty Images

#21. Finland

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 29
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.16%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 63,440
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.61%
- #22 most common country of origin

22 / 42
ullstein bild // Getty Images

#22. Spain

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 27
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 7,284
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.07%
- #33 most common country of origin

23 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#23. Belgium

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 25
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.13%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 29,848
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.29%
- #24 most common country of origin

24 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#24. Other Countries

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 18
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 2,587
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #39 most common country of origin

25 / 42
ullstein bild Dtl. // Getty Images

#25. Pacific Islands (except Phillipine Islands)

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 18
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 2,659
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- #38 most common country of origin

You may also like: Most rural counties in New Mexico

26 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#26. Central America

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 18
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 3,911
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- #36 most common country of origin

27 / 42
Lewis W. Hine // Getty Images

#27. Born at Sea

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 15
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 8,310
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
- #32 most common country of origin

28 / 42
FPG // Getty Images

#28. Bohemia

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 15
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 156,999
- Percent of foreign born residents: 1.50%
- #12 most common country of origin

29 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#29. Turkey

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 13
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.07%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 9,949
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
- #30 most common country of origin

30 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#30. Australia

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 12
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.06%
- Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
- Number of residents: 7,041
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.07%
- #34 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties most concerned about climate change in New Mexico

31 / 42
ullstein bild Dtl. // Getty Images

#31. South America

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 9
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 4,814
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
- #35 most common country of origin

32 / 42
Historical // Getty Images

#32. Japan

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 9
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 81,590
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.78%
- #21 most common country of origin

33 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#33. Europe (not otherwise specified)

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 8
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 2,272
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #41 most common country of origin

34 / 42
David RUBINGER // Getty Images

#34. Portugal

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 6
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 37,144
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.36%
- #23 most common country of origin

35 / 42
Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#35. India

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 6
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 2,069
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #42 most common country of origin

You may also like: Most diverse counties in New Mexico

36 / 42
Smith Collection/Gado // Getty Images

#36. Luxemburg

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 5
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 3,049
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- #37 most common country of origin

37 / 42
Hulton Deutsch // Getty Images

#37. Cuba

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 5
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 11,159
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
- #28 most common country of origin

38 / 42
Bettmann // Getty Images

#38. Africa

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 5
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 2,577
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- #40 most common country of origin

39 / 42
Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#39. West Indies (except Cuba and Puerto Rico)

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 4
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 14,468
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
- #26 most common country of origin

40 / 42
David RUBINGER // Getty Images

#40. Roumania

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 2
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.01%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 15,043
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
- #25 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the oldest homes in New Mexico

41 / 42
Interim Archives // Getty Images

#41. Greece

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 1
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.01%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 8,655
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
- #31 most common country of origin

42 / 42
Historical // Getty Images

#42. Atlantic Islands

New Mexico
- Number of residents: 1
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.01%
- Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
- Number of residents: 10,955
- Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
- #29 most common country of origin

Trending Now