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15 precautions to take to prepare for an earthquake

  • Stacker explores the best ways to prepare for earthquakes 

    It might start as a disconcerting feeling. You might feel slightly off balance or detect an unusual rumbling. You might notice your pets acting erratically. Suddenly, it seems like the whole world is shaking: books fall off shelves, furniture topples, windows shatter. Before you know it, the earthquake is over—leaving only destruction and devastation in its wake.

    The lack of advance notice might be the scariest part about earthquakes: The United States Geological Survey’s early warning program can only alert you of an impending earthquake a few seconds to a minute ahead of time. Since you will have a brief instant to take cover (at most), it’s crucial to prepare your home and family for an earthquake ahead of time. Though taking these steps would be helpful for residents across the country, anyone who lives in one of the most earthquake-prone areas of the United States should pay particular notice to this plan. Seismologists and other scientists may not be able to predict when the “Big One” will strike, but preparing yourself with these steps recommended by the Department of Homeland Security and other experts will at least give you some peace of mind.

  • #1. Make an emergency plan

    Every person should have an emergency plan ready to go—no matter where you live or what kind of natural disaster you’re most worried about. Sign up for emergency alerts and warnings in your area, decide where you will seek shelter, learn your evacuation route and figure out how you will communicate with other members of your household in an emergency.

  • #2. Prepare your emergency supply kit

    Every household should also have an emergency supply kit and go bags prepared for each person. That way, no matter what happens, you’ll have everything you need to survive a disaster.

  • #3. Practice taking cover

    When you feel an earthquake, you immediately need to drop, cover and hold. Drop down onto your hands and knees, crawl to shelter under a sturdy desk or table and hold onto your shelter.

  • #4. Teach everyone how to signal for help

    Taking cover under a strong table or desk could prevent you from getting hurt, but you might still be trapped underneath all kinds of debris. Practice signalling for help by knocking loudly or whistling so you can call out to rescuers in case you need assistance.

  • #5. Learn basic first aid

    You never know when you might need to perform first aid on someone—especially in an emergency situation. Sign up for a Red Cross training class to make sure you’re prepared.

  • #6. Get your home checked by a structural engineer

    During an earthquake, your home could slide off its foundation or even collapse. That’s not only dangerous, but could cause hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage. A preventative retrofit, by contrast, can cost as little as $5,000 and potentially save your life.

  • #7. Hire a contractor to check your gas connections

    Earthquakes can rip rigid gas lines from the walls, causing a gas leak that could lead to fire or explosion. Have flexible connection pipes installed to mitigate the risk.

  • #8. Learn how to shut off your gas manually

    You might not be able to tell if your gas line breaks during an earthquake. Even if you can’t smell gas or see any exposed pipes, it’s best to shut off the gas immediately to be safe. Practice shutting off the line before an earthquake so you know exactly what you need to do in case of emergency.

  • #9. Get a fire extinguisher

    Every home should have a fire extinguisher: You never know when you might need one. After an earthquake, you might have to put out a fire caused by a gas leak or downed power lines.

  • #10. Secure your appliances

    Think about the size of your refrigerator. Would you be able to lift it up by yourself? Probably not. Prevent any large appliances or pieces of furniture from coming loose during an earthquake by attaching them to the walls with nylon straps, heavy duty hooks or bolts.

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