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States with the most farmland

  • #10. Missouri

    - Total cropland: 15,627,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 35.5% (#10 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 13,455,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 1,591,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 580,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: soybeans ($2.1 billion), corn ($1.8 billion), hay & haylage ($909.1 million), cotton ($283.5 million), rice ($153.0 million)

    Missouri has almost 95,000 farms, nearly all of them family-owned. They average 291 acres and take up two-thirds of the state for 27.8 million acres. Agriculture employs 400,000 people in the state.

  • #9. Montana

    - Total cropland: 16,605,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 17.8% (#19 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 12,522,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 3,181,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 902,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: wheat ($1.0 billion), hay & haylage ($907.8 million), barley ($192.1 million), peas ($92.8 million), lentils ($44.1 million)

    Meat processing plants have been eligible for grants to improve the plants’ storage capabilities during the coronavirus pandemic. The program awarded $7.5 million to 62 processors across the state in early August and an additional $4.2 million to 40 plants in September, totalling nearly $12 million. The changes allow the plants to meet an increased local demand.

  • #8. South Dakota

    - Total cropland: 19,356,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 39.9% (#9 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 17,624,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 1,203,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 528,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: corn ($2.1 billion), soybeans ($1.2 billion), hay & haylage ($747.8 million), wheat ($298.4 million), sunflower ($147.8 million)

    Farmers and ranchers in South Dakota sold more than $10 billion worth of agricultural goods in 2017. The state concentrates on field crops such as corn, soybeans, and wheat. The number of milk cows, hogs, and pigs is growing.

  • #7. Nebraska

    - Total cropland: 21,857,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 44.5% (#6 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 20,442,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 1,090,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 326,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: corn ($6.8 billion), soybeans ($2.4 billion), hay & haylage ($632.3 million), wheat ($210.1 million), potatoes ($109.4 million)

    Nebraska is appropriately named the Cornhusker State. It grows corn on more acres than any other crop and leads the country with its popcorn production. Half of the corn crop is used to produce ethanol.

     

  • #6. Minnesota

    - Total cropland: 22,452,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 44.1% (#7 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 20,394,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 1,887,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 171,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: corn ($4.6 billion), soybeans ($2.6 billion), hay & haylage ($562.9 million), wheat ($375.1 million), potatoes ($194.5 million)

    Minnesota’s top commodity for export is soybeans, which would normally go to China, Mexico, Indonesia, Japan, and Taiwan. Now, farmers have received more than $20 billion to offset losses due to the Trump Administration’s trade war with China.

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  • #5. Illinois

    - Total cropland: 23,934,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 67.4% (#2 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 22,672,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 1,175,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 88,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: corn ($7.1 billion), soybeans ($4.9 billion), hay & haylage ($201.9 million), wheat ($182.4 million), pumpkins ($17.1 million)

    Illinois had 72,000 farms as of 2019, covering 27 million acres. They accounted for 75% of the state land area. The average size is 375 acres, and production varies from cattle to vegetables.

  • #4. Iowa

    - Total cropland: 26,714,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 74.7% (#1 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 24,750,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 1,738,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 225,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: corn ($9.8 billion), soybeans ($4.3 billion), hay & haylage ($458.9 million), oats ($14.0 million)

    Iowa has 87,000 farms, more than 97% of which are owned by families. Iowa leads the country in corn, pigs, and eggs and is second in soybeans. It also has a grape industry, with 267 vineyards and 104 wineries.

  • #3. North Dakota

    - Total cropland: 27,120,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 61.4% (#3 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 24,080,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 2,718,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 322,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: corn ($1.6 billion), wheat ($1.4 billion), soybeans ($1.4 billion), canola ($420.2 million), hay & haylage ($320.0 million)

    The average size of farms in North Dakota is 1,307 acres. Agriculture dominates the state, with 90% of land used for its 30,000 farms and ranches. Among residents, 24% are employed in agriculture or agriculture-related businesses.

  • #2. Kansas

    - Total cropland: 28,592,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 54.6% (#5 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 25,545,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 2,598,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 449,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: corn ($3.0 billion), soybeans ($1.6 billion), wheat ($1.4 billion), hay & haylage ($773.8 million), sorghum ($668.3 million)

    Kansas focuses on growing wheat and grain sorghum and producing beef. It produces more than 23% of the country’s winter wheat and almost 64% of the country’s grain sorghum. Its dairy sector is increasing, with 300 dairy farms in the state.

  • #1. Texas

    - Total cropland: 29,215,000 acres
    - Cropland as a percent of all state land: 17.5% (#21 highest among all states )
    - Cropland used for crops: 21,598,000 acres
    - Idle cropland: 4,773,000 acres
    - Cropland pasture: 2,844,000 acres
    - Most valuable crops produced: cotton ($1.8 billion), corn ($1.2 billion), hay & haylage ($1.2 billion), sorghum ($318.0 million), wheat ($306.7 million)

    Texas is out front in terms of the number of farms and ranches of any state in the country. Its top crops are cotton, corn, grains for feed, rice, and wheat. There are also olive and pecan orchards and fruit and vegetable farms in the Rio Grande Valley.

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